Restoration of Israel-The Remnant

©2012 Dr. Irene Bonney Faulkes DD


I.

God’s ultimate purpose for Israel, meaning the remnant of such nation, was that He bring about a restoration.  In commencing, I would like to emphasize that this book should not be taken as a theological writing.  The subject authored is most important and the parts of the Word of God used should be seen as just that – not theology but the Word of the living God.  It concerns the matter of Israel’s restoration. 

There is a verse in Isaiah 11 that reads, “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left”.

This is one of the many scriptures that is used to fortify the belief in the restoration of Israel to the Promised Land of Israel in a natural way.  The whole doctrine of that belief has its beginning in John Nelson Darby of England, the founder of the Exclusive Brethren.  He formulated what he said was a revelation from God.  It is actually Gnosticism.  It has no Scriptural basis.  Unfortunately, he then taught it far and wide in the United States of America during the second half of the nineteenth century.  The belief that God restored the nation of Israel in 1948 stems from his doctrines. 

It is very interesting to note Young’s Translation of this chapter that shows the tenses.  As we read let us give consideration to the past and present tenses he used.  We will see their importance because it is evidence as to when this gathering of the remnant occurs and what it implies in relation to Israel.

Isaiah 11:1, “And a rod has come out from the stock of Jesse, And a branch from his roots is fruitful.  2Rested on him has the Spirit of Jehovah, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and might, The spirit of knowledge and fear of Jehovah.”

This is about the Lord Jesus Christ, who was in the flesh a descendant of Jesse the father of King David.

The prophet Isaiah speaks of it as having been accomplished.  He has already come.  This Spirit of God in various forms has already been upon Him.  It is not future.  It has happened.  It happened during His ministry on earth before He went to the cross.

Isaiah 11:10, “And there has been, in that day, A root of Jesse that is standing for an ensign of peoples, Unto him do nations seek, And his rest has been -honour!”

Again this verse is in the past tense but only at its beginning.  It continues about the root of Jesse, Jesus Christ, and He is standing and keeps standing.  In the day spoken about, the Saviour, Jesus, was born, a root of Jesse.

Isaiah sees the event as having occurred.  This Person, this Christ, in his revelation is seen as having come.  Nevertheless, Isaiah would not have not known the full import, according to 1 Peter 1:12, “It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you”.  He prophesied about Christ without understanding the mystery of the gospel as it was revealed to Paul.  We should not read a verse of scripture without considering to whom it was given, where his generation stood in relation to God’s time and purposes and how applicable it is to us under the gospel.

According to Isaiah, when Christ comes, which for us it has happened, He is “the Ensign”.  Today, the nations continue to seek this Christ of the gospel.  Those Jews and Gentiles who find Him as Saviour, have discovered rest.  There is no more Law or works.  They have the rest of faith as preached through the gospel of Christ.

   Barnes comments ”The word “root” here - שׁרשׁ  shoresh - is evidently used in the sense of a root that, is alive when the tree is dead; a root that sends up a shoot or sprout; and is thus applied to Him who should proceed from the ancient and decayed family of Jesse; see Isaiah 53:2. Thus in Revelation 5:5, the Messiah is called ‘the” root” of David,’ and in Revelation 22:16, ‘the root and the offspring of David’.”

It is not in the future tense as if it were something that has not occurred but instead has yet to happen.  It is past history in that “there has been”.  This root of Jesse was born.  Even though He went to heaven, He is till standing for an ensign of peoples as quoted above.  Many from all nations seek after Him as they already sought Him and will in the future still seek Him as Saviour.  Therefore the prophet could say “Unto Him do nations seek” because it is still happening.  It is ongoing.

 With regard to His “rest” that is honour or glorious, it is continuing, it is glory as well as honour or glorious and His rest is the resting place that is He Himself.  Faith in Christ is a rest and not a work of religious requirement.  This has commenced and continues throughout the years and will continue until Jesus Christ returns for His people, the redeemed of earth, both Jew and Gentile who believe on Him as having died on the cross and risen again.

II.

Looking at the book of Acts we can see that the gospel and the Kingdom of God were extended to the Gentiles after the Jews first had the opportunity.  Most of the latter refused to accept.  Now both Jew and Gentile are recipients.  It is the time of the Gentiles and multitudes of them are still being brought into the Kingdom through faith in Christ as Saviour.

“In that day” in the Old Testament is always about the day when the Messiah would come.  We see this as an example in the book of Zechariah.  The phrase is mentioned around twenty times.  One example is in 2:10,11 –

“Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion; for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith Jehovah.  And many nations shall join themselves to Jehovah in that day, and shall be my people; and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that Jehovah of hosts has sent me unto thee.”    

Another verse that clearly speaks of the fountain of the blood of Christ opened on the cross, is Zechariah 13:1, “In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.”

Isaiah in 11:10 is clearly prophesying about this wonderful “day that the Lord has made” when His Son, Immanuel Jesus, is born as the Messiah to bring redemption through his death and resurrection.  He came into the world to save sinners.  That was the purpose and in bringing about their salvation, He would “lead many sons to glory”.  “Glory” is always heavenly and not of this earth.  Christ in us is the hope of glory.  The resurrection will be to receive a body of glory and one of immortality and not mortality.

The last chapter in the book sets out the prophecy regarding the new heavens and the new earth that the Lord will make.  Peter speaks about this in his second epistle, saying that this present earth and heavens will be burnt with fire and that we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth.  Isaiah relates in a form familiar to himself and his listeners, how the righteous will inherit that earth in being always before the Lord.

The final verse speaks of the unrighteous who end up in hell.  Jesus Himself used these words when He said, in Mark 9:44, “Where their worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched”.  His discourse is about hell.  He repeats this phrase in verses 46 and 48, showing its importance.

The restoration of Israel, its remnant only, is tied up to the end of all things with the believers in Christ in heaven and unbelievers in hell for eternity. 

III.

The book of Isaiah highlights the redemption of Israel.  This is to be for those of the remnant, i.e. Jewish believers in Christ and will include Gentile believers.

 The book commences with an indictment on the Jewish nation as being a “Sinful nation, people laden with iniquity, who have despised the Holy One of Israel.”  It continues with “There is no soundness in it, but bruises and sores and bleeding wounds”.  Thus it is a mistake to ally Isaiah’s prophecy to the gospel only.  It was first of all directed to Israel and we should examine it in that respect.

Hope is given to them in chapter 2, “The mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established as the highest of the mountains, Many peoples shall come and say, ‘Come let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in this paths.  For out of Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem”.

 Paul the Apostle significantly wrote, in Romans 11:26,27 “Out of Zion will come the Deliverer; he will banish ungodliness from Jacob.  And this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins”.   Here, as quoted above, Christ comes out of Zion as does the word of the Lord.  It quotes Isaiah 59:19,20 where He “comes” to Zion as Redeemer with the Spirit of the Lord.  This whole portion is about the salvation God brings to us for we Gentiles are included.

The whole passage relates to the faith of both Jew and Gentile who believe in their hearts by the Spirit and confess with their mouths that Jesus Christ is Lord and Saviour.  Here He comes “to” Zion.  He is announced to those who become Zion as Saviour and Redeemer.  Then having come to Zion, He by His Spirit moves out of Zion with the Word of the gospel

  In Isaiah, and indeed throughout the Old Testament, the main thrust is always about the gospel of salvation that was to come and is as it was declared in the New Testament.  God makes a New Covenant with believers, both Jewish remnant and Gentiles.  It is a Covenant of peace and mercy and of the Spirit.  Praise the Lord.

In this way the Word of the Lord goes out from this highest of mountains.  It is the mountain spoken about in Hebrews 12:22-24 “But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven and to God the judge of all and to the spirits of just men made perfect and to Jesus, the mediator of the new covenant”.

We, neither Jew nor Gentile believer has come to the natural Zion.  It no longer exists in God’s plan.  God had the Romans level the old  Mt. Zion, around 73A.D., to become a ploughed field, according to the prophecy.  This levelling of the natural Zion told of the finish of the old.  Thus it made way for the new heavenly Mt. Zion to be the focus of god’s purposes, under the New Covenant.

This is the manner in which what Isaiah prophesied has come to pass and is continuing to happen in our day.  It will do so until Jesus Christ returns for His own to take them all to heaven.  John saw this heavenly city of Jerusalem in vision and it was the bride of Christ, composed of those who are washed in the blood of the Lamb slain from before the creation of all things.

Thus we have the fulfilment because the Root of Jesse has come and He stood amongst His natural people.  Now He still stands for all those who believe in Him and who form “the Israel of God”, Galatians 6:16.

IV. 

In Isaiah 6, the prophet had received a vision of this Christ, the Son of God.  He saw Him high and lifted up with His train filling the temple.  As John says that Isaiah saw His glory, we can relate Christ to this chapter.  It was the Son of God Isaiah saw, in His incarnation.  He came to earth to be born of mankind, with a human body as His temple.  He with His Divinity filled that body made for Him from Mary by the Holy Spirit

   He was not turned into a man.  The Son of God took unto Himself the nature of a man.  Isaiah saw “his train filling the temple”.  It was the Son of God, son of Man, who was revealed to him. 

This vision was given and seraphs were in attendance, calling one to the other, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory”.  The glory comes about through the incarnation of the Son of God.

2 Corinthians 4:6 says, “Seeing it is God, that said, Light shall shine out of darkness, who shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” 

8:23 the gospel messengers are the glory of Christ.

“Then we understand glory from whereunto he called you through our gospel, to the obtaining the glory of our Lord Jesus.”    The glory is the gospel throughout the earth as revealed through preaching. 

1 Peter 4:14,, “the spirit of glory which is the Spirit of God, is resting on you”.

 2 Corinthians 4:4, “in whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn upon them.”

The glory is that of the gospel.  It is not the Old Testament Shekinah glory or the outpouring of the Spirit.

 Later on in the chapter, the voice of the Lord says of the people of Israel, that he would “Make the mind of this people dull; and stop their ears, and shut their eyes, so that they may not look with their eyes, and listen with their ears, and comprehend with their minds, and turn and be healed”.

Isaiah then shows the land is to be desolate, and only “The holy seed is its stump” that remains.  As Paul said, “Their transgression means riches for the world”.  Who is this holy seed?  He has spoken of the utter destruction of this people but the holy seed is the remnant of those who would believe “in that day” in Christ.  The end of the chapter tells us it will only be a remnant of Israel. 

Already we can see how Isaiah is beginning to show how God will send His Son and how He will have a remnant of Israel.  Then Isaiah reveals by the Spirit how this will be brought about and when it does happen, it will include the Gentiles.

In 7:17,18 we note the how of the Son’s coming to earth to fill a temple of His human body.  “Then Isaiah said, ‘Hear now, you house of David!  Is it not enough to try the patience of men?  Will you try the patience of my God also?   Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign.  The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel”.

Isaiah now knows in some measure how He was to come and indeed did come.  Matthew in chapter 1  relates how Joseph the betrothed of Mary a virgin, had a dream wherein there appeared an angel of the Lord.  This is what he said  in verses 20,21, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.  She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins”.

This was how a virgin, Mary, became pregnant and then gave birth to the baby, whom Joseph named Jesus.  Mary, too, as shown in Luke’s gospel, was a descendant of David, son of Jesse.  This was Immanuel the One who was “God with us”.  He came to save His people, both Jew and Gentile who were called to believe in Him.

We are reminded of what Christ said when He came into the world.  As He left heaven, He said, “A body you have prepared for me; in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure.  Then I said, ‘See, God, I have come to do your will, O God’ In the scroll of the book it is written of me”, Hebrews 10:6,7.  The Spirit of Christ in David had caused this to be sung by David in his Psalm 40:6-8.  The birth of Christ was the time of its fulfillment.

Isaiah had also prophesied those wonderful words, about seven hundred years before the occurrence of this birth, in chapter nine, in chapter 9 -

6  “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

7  Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of Jehovah of hosts will perform this.”

It was with these promises of the coming One, the Messiah who is Mighty God, we have Isaiah then prophesying as to whom He would be and what would be accomplished by His coming.

Before continuing with chapter 11 that ends with the remnant’s return, we need to view the progress in the whole prophecy of the dominant theme of salvation.  We can consider chapter 12,30,35,40,42.53,61.

In that day, “God is my salvation” or “my Yeshua”, as in other verses, 3:3, Habakkuk 3:13; Zechariah 3:3, even Genesis 49:18.  The salvation is Christ, from whom we draw the water of salvation, as Jesus told the woman of Samaria.  The prophet speaks of the Holy Spirit in the midst of the church of Jesus Christ.  God is going to lay in Zion a foundation stone, who is Jesus Christ.  The Teacher will not be hidden.  This is Christ by the Spirit.

    We are told there will be those whose eyes are opened and ears unclogged to understand the gospel.  John the Baptist is to come to prepare the way of the Lord.  Zion, the church of Jesus Christ and Jerusalem that is above, are the preachers of the gospel.  From them will go out the word of the Lord because the feet of those who tell it out are blessed.

   The offspring of Abraham, are blessed, they who by faith in Christ are his descendants, both Jew and Gentile. 

The servant of the Lord is declared, and He is the Lord Jesus Christ.  People everywhere await His coming.  He is given as a covenant to the people and to be a light to nations.  We are not to remember the former things about God’s dealings with Israel the nation of the Old Testament.  He is going to do a new thing.  He is going to form a people for Himself, both Jew and Gentile as indicated.  He will pour out His Spirit. 

The Christ on the cross and His redemption is vividly portrayed beforehand.  His church is called upon to “Arise and shine” because the glory of the Lord has risen upon her.  She will dispense light to the nations.  Her members will come from afar, from all parts of the earth as they hear the gospel.

  Also, God will glorify this glorious house and it will be through the Holy Spirit’s presence in her midst.  She will be called “the City of the Lord, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel” as clearly defined in Hebrews 12:18-22.

 The Spirit of Christ Himself prophesies about this Christ when the prophet declares, “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me”.  Jesus Himself quoted these words in a synagogue just after His baptism in water.

The prophet foretells the robe of righteousness that will cover believers in Christ, as all have no righteousness of their own.  What they do have is nothing but filthy rags.  The people of God will have a new name, “My Delight is in her”.  This Delight is none other than the Lord Jesus Christ, the head of the church and He who is the core of her being.

   The Presence of the Lord has saved His people.  He is Immanuel, God with us, come as Saviour.  God will create this new city, the heavenly Jerusalem and His people who are its inhabitants are His delight because they are washed in the blood of the Lamb.  They have been reconciled to their God. 

There is no point in trying to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.  He will no longer inhabit a building but will be in those who are humble and contrite in spirit, says Isaiah.  They are the ones, who, trembling at His word of the gospel, recognize their sinfulness and their condition away from Him.  They call upon the Name of the Lord, Jesus Christ their only Saviour, because they are humble enough to know their need and act upon it. 

This new Zion began on the Day of Pentecost.  “As soon as Zion was in labour she delivered her children.”  Children commenced being born into the heavenly Zion on that day and continue to be to this day and until the Lord comes again for His own to take them to heaven.   We are to be looking for His coming.  For others, it will  be a day of terrible and eternal judgment.

    Those who worship the Lord are likened to the people of the Old Covenant who had their worship under the Levitical Law.  Old forms of worship are used to show that these new people in this new city will worship also according to the ways of the Lord but in the new way. 

    Jesus announced the new way when He said, “They who worship the Father must worship Him in Spirit and in Truth”.  It does not concern any particular geographical place or external helps.  It is internal.  God’s people in the future must be filled with the Spirit according to Acts 2:4.  They must be established in the Truth of Jesus Christ and His gospel.  This is to be their manner of worship!

  The wonderful things prophesied help give us some idea of the whole meaning of the book of Isaiah.  It is indeed about the redemption for the remnant of Israel with Gentiles included.

V.

Now we look again at Isaiah chapter 11, with its various tenses.  The previous chapters have all led up to this.

  Verse 11, “And it has come to pass, in that day, The Lord adds a second time his power, To get the remnant of His people that is left  12  And He has lifted up an ensign to nations, And gathers the driven away of Israel, And the scattered of Judah He assembles, From the four wings of the earth.”

This shows that the Lord stretches out His hand not in our future but it is something of the past for us.  It has happened in “that day” which is as mentioned previously, the day of the Messiah and His gospel of the New Testament.  It is said in this verse, “It has come to pass”.  The prophet is speaking of the time of its fulfilment that we know was in the day of Christ and His gospel as preached after the Day of Pentecost.

This is the second time Jehovah “assembles the outcasts of Israel”, KJV and “gathers together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth”.  Its beginning has already occurred and has continued through the centuries until now and when Jesus comes.

The first occurrence was when about five hundred years before Christ, God brought the remnant back from their bondage of seventy years in Babylon.  It was His first time of gathering from the four corners of the then world that was known as being around the Mediterranean Sea. 

The second time God brings back the remnant was as prophesied by Daniel 9:24, “Seventy weeks are decreed for your people and your holy city; to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy”.  These were the words of Gabriel in the vision.

Seventy weeks are to be understood as 490 years.  As the angels says they are “decreed for your people and your holy city” this can only mean that this number of weeks is all that remains from the beginning of that period until an end.  The nation of Israel and city of Jerusalem would be finished forever.  The time commences from when under Cyrus, a remnant returned from Babylon to their own land, as mentioned above.  That was the first time God stretched out His hand to bring back a remnant to Jerusalem.  The  end of the nation and the city occurred in 70A.D.

The second time the remnant was brought back in was when the Day of Pentecost occurred and the gospel was received by those 3,000 Jews.  The remnant was coming in, not in a natural way but in a Spiritual manner.  They were being brought into the Kingdom of God or of heaven by being born again through receiving Christ as Saviour.

We are not actually dealing with this particular matter in Daniel with this present writing.  Therefore we just touch upon it briefly.

This is how we are to understand all that Isaiah has prophesied in relation to the remnant of Israel and indeed, that nation.  Comprehension of the version is vital to a Scriptural understanding of God’s plan for “Israel” and the end time of the first covenant.

    Those were “the last days” as spoken by Daniel.  It was around the time of the end of his seventy weeks or four hundred and ninety years.  This latter period began as stated when Cyrus issued his decree for their return, as found in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah.  It ended and has finished already, just after Jesus went back to heaven.

Its end was after the Day of Pentecost.  The period still continued as Jews were being brought to Christ and into the Kingdom of God and of Heaven.  The days for the Jews alone to receive the gospel ended.  The whole of the seventy weeks came to a close when the first Gentiles came into the church.

   However, “the remnant of Israel” that had already begun to believe in Christ in that day, continues to do so to our time.  So also do those Gentiles come into the Kingdom, those chosen according to His elective purposes in relation to nations first of all and then individuals.  Then the next dispensation commenced.

The day to which the prophets looked relates to what Jesus said in Mark 1:15, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; repent, and believe in the good news (the gospel)”.  Christ was saying that Daniel’s seventy weeks (9:24) had reached the finale.  We should always remember that Jesus was announcing His kingdom to Israel and it was with these words.

 He is the “Anointed One” spoken about in Daniel 9:26.  It was not intended that this person would be “The Anti-Christ”, he whom many believers are looking for today.  No, certainly not.  Christ is the only one who could be given that name.  When John the Baptist appeared many of the people thought he was the “Anointed One”, or “The Christ” or “Messiah”.  They also anticipated the fulfilment of this verse in Daniel in the manner of the true Messiah’s coming.

“Christ” comes from “Christos” meaning, “The Anointed One”.  He announces the Kingdom of God and of heaven.  He had been anointed in the coming of the Holy Spirit after the fashion of a dove upon Him at His baptism.  At that time, the Father spoke from heaven and the Christ was anointed with the Holy Spirit “without measure”.

The seventy weeks ended when the gospel reached the Gentiles and the “Times of the Gentiles” began.  During this time, the desolation Daniel foretold occurred in 70A.D. when Jerusalem was totally destroyed and most of Israel’s inhabitants were killed under the Roman General, Titus, under his father, the Emperor Vespasian.  Before becoming Caesar, Vespasian, had brought about the following destruction of a certain city as prophesied by Jesus in passing judgment in Matthew 11:23,24, “And you, Capernaum, were you not to be lifted up to heaven? you will go down into hell: for if the works of power which were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have been here to this day.  But I say to you that it will be better for the land of Sodom in the day of judging, than for you. “

 The Roman soldiers totally destroyed Capernaum and as Jesus had said, it was judged and suffered far more than those who lived in Sodom during the time of Lot and Abraham.

VI.

 “That day” prophesied in the Old Testament had included in it the coming of John the Baptist.  This is what Jesus said about him and it is worth our while to look closely at this portion of the Word -

 Matthew 11:10-15, “This is he of whom it has been said, See, I send my servant before your face, who will make ready your way before you.

11. Truly I say to you, Among the sons of women there has not been a greater than John the Baptist: but he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.

12. And from the days of John the Baptist till now, the kingdom of heaven is forcing its way in, and men of force take it.

13. For all the prophets and the law were in force till John.

14. And if you are able to see it, this is Elijah who was to come.

15. He who has ears, let him give ear.” 

     In relation to verse 12, Barnes says, “That is, from the days when John began to preach. It is not known how long this was, but it was not probably more than a year. Our Saviour here simply states a fact. He says there was a great rush or a crowd pressing to hear John. Multitudes went out to hear him, as if they were about to take the kingdom of heaven by force. So, he says, it has continued. Since “the kingdom of heaven,” or “the gospel,” has been preached, there has been a “rush” to it. People have been “earnest” about it; they have come “pressing” to obtain the blessing, as if they would take it by violence.

There is allusion here to the manner in which cities were taken. Besiegers “pressed” upon them with violence and demolished the walls. With such “earnestness” and “violence,” he says, people had pressed around him and John since they began to preach. There is no allusion here to the manner in which individual sinners seek salvation, but it is a simple record of the fact that multitudes had thronged around him and John to hear the gospel.”

Regarding John being the “Elijah to come” as prophesied in verse 14 above, Jesus told us he has come.  There will not be another appearance of an “Elijah” as one of the two witnesses in Revelation.  Many say one of them will be Elijah come back to earth.  Jesus did not mention such a thing and neither should we imagine it.

It should be imprinted in our hearts that when John came, it meant a closure to the Old Testament Law and Prophets, the Law being the body of Scriptures that is the first five books.  It indicated that the old dispensation had finished and that a new one was commencing.  This is “that day” of the gospel.

    Here we have an added reason as to why we should not expect Old Testament prophecies concerning Israel to be   fulfilled literally in our day.  They were never intended to happen at the end time of our day.  They were to be fulfilled and did occur at the end of the Jewish period or Israel under the Old Testament and after the Gentiles had started to come in under the Gospel.

    The words of Jesus about John in verse 13 should be taken as a rule for understanding whether present end-time  and prophetic teachings are correct.  It means the prophets and the Law are not in force after John comes.    

That includes today.

   Sadly, millions have been misguided in our time. 

    As Jesus said, those who will have ears to hear will hear.

VII.

    It is worthy of note that even though Jehovah, the Lord, would send judgment on Israel He would also judge the nation whose actions were to bring this trouble on her.  The prophet unveils God’s purposes in Isaiah 51:22,23. God said He would take “the cup of staggering” from Israel.  To that nation He said, “You shall drink no more from the bowl of my wrath”.  His purpose was that He would then judge those who had caused her terrible harm.  They were the Romans.  

    Isaiah prophesies this as God saying He would put the bowl of His “wrath into the hand of your tormentors”.  There was the eruption of Vesuvius that destroyed Pompei and its sister city.  History records a particular  judgment that occurred in 231A.D. when 6,000,000 inhabitants in the Empire were killed by the Plague. Caesarea, the port which Herod built for Caesar in which thousands of Jews were killed for sport was flattened by a Tsunami not long afterwards.

  God’s word is true.

   The tormentors were punished.

   Rome was eventually sacked by the Barbarians.  Before this she had suffered hundreds of years of tribulation until its final demise as well as that of the Roman Empire.   The judgment of God fell upon it as prophesied.

  The interesting thing is that the above verses bring mention of future earthly judgments to an end.   All judgments in this matter on Israel, other nations and kings have been foretold.  Any mention of that kind of judgment as  did occur once in chapter 63 is a thing of the past for Isaiah.

       The future judgment mentioned by Isaiah is when God winds up all things of this world, as in 66:16, “For by fire will the Lord execute judgment, and by his sword, on all flesh; and those slain by the Lord shall be many”. 

        Those who are looking for fire today in the church, should understand that it is symbolic of judgment.  When God judges and causes many “to be slain”, it is not for blessing but for judgment!

         God’s grace and mercy in the salvation and deliverance of Israel have now to be foretold in some detail.  Chapters 52-66 extol the heavenly and Spiritual glories He will provide for the remnant of Israel with Gentiles included.  These are dependent on the scenes prescribed by the end of chapter 52 and the whole of the familiar chapter 53.   The Christ whom Isaiah saw and prophesied would come as a babe is now portrayed in suffering and agony on the cross.

    He, the righteous One, the Servant of the Lord, will make many righteous because He will bear their iniquities.  This is how God is to stretch out His hand and bring salvation.  In this manner, He will restore Israel.  This is the second and final restoration of that nation that would be judged with an extremity of anguish and pain several centuries after Isaiah prophesied. 

     His whole message involved the restoration of a remnant to the eternal land of promise, through salvation in Christ Jesus provided by His death on the cross.  However, it is too light a thing that God should just do it for that remnant.  He must also include a multitude of Gentiles because of the glory of His act, which glory is to fill all the earth.

VIII.

     The restoration of Israel will be through the message of the gospel.  The manner in which God will cause the remnant to return is embodied in all of these end chapters of the book of Isaiah.     

 The beginning of this restoration the second time, was dealt with in part V.  It occurred when God began to show His power to gather the remnant at the beginning of the Times of the Gentiles in the book of Acts.  There is an overlapping here in this regard.  The old ends but the new also is beginning.

The gospel goes out to Jews living all over the world and in particular and to greater numbers, it is given out to the Gentiles.  This has continued to our day and will do so until the Times of the Gentiles end when the Lord Jesus returns from heaven to take us to be with Him forever.  Jews believing in Christ today are found in all nations of the earth. 

We stayed in the home of a Jew who had become a Christian in Madurai, India.  I was somewhat excited when I found his mother had been a Jew because that made him a Jew.  It is always a wonderful event when one from God’s ancient people or religion, finds Christ.  This man’s reply to me was, “Oh, but now I am a Christian”.  He had the right perspective.

   That is where the apostle Paul would have placed the importance because in Philippians 3 he shows he considered it “as dung” that he as a Jew had depended on his nationality, his status and his Law abiding.  He states that the circumcision, i.e. circumcised people under the gospel, are “not those circumcised in the flesh”, but “those who worship by the Spirit of God” and “who glory in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh”.

Isaiah 11:16 reads “And there has been a highway, For the remnant of His people that is left, from Asshur, As there was for Israel in the day of his coming up out of the land of Egypt!”  The return of the remnant is depicted with natural places but the return is spiritual because it has to do with their Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.  He was born to save them and to deliver them from sin.

  This salvation is likened to the redemption of the people of natural Israel, the people of God, out of Egypt through Moses, their deliverer then.  God redeemed His people by His power and outstretched arm.

   It is always “first the natural and then the Spiritual”.   Then comes the time as Isaiah says, when the Divine Deliverer will deliver the remnant with power and an outstretched arm.  It cannot mean a mass conversion of Jews as it is always only a “remnant”.

    Many would forge a natural meaning for national Jews to return to Israel , using the above verse.   The strange thing is that these same preachers always make reference to Israel’s coming out of Egypt under Moses as being a type of deliverance from the world (Egypt).  This is concerning the salvation in Christ Jesus, they say.  We have left Egypt to enter the promised land of our salvation in Him or even that of the baptism with the Holy Spirit. 

They will be grafted in to the root of the olive tree.  Christ is this root.  God’s own arm brings salvation.  He is in Christ reconciling the world of sinners, the elect, to Himself.  This will be extended to Gentile believers. The first ones are recorded as being the house of Cornelius, they being added to the church at that time.  Gentile believers are also grafted into the root.  All of these, both Jew and Gentile are now the people of God.  There is one people of God, called “the Israel of God” by Paul in Galatians 6.

This is the restoration of Israel to the promised land that has become the eternal land of the new earth.  It is for the heavenly people, spiritually circumcised Jews in Christ, who have been redeemed by the blood of Jesus.  These will include always only a remnant of the natural nation.  However, they are restored under the promises of God for the new thing He planned from eternity.  He fulfils this in Christ and the New Covenant, with the message of the gospel of the Kingdom of God or of heaven.


Rev. Irene & Peter Faulkes
3 Kingfisher Drive
River Heads, Queensland,
AUSTRALIA 4655


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