©2012 Dr. Irene Bonney Faulkes DD
God gave promise to Abraham of the calling of a nation as his descendants. The Old Testament focuses on that nation, Israel. Its pages are full of its history as well as the words of many prophets called by God. Jehovah deals with all the nations and cities he allowed to rise and be used by Him, particularly those surrounding her. The prophets were used to warn, give His promises, curses and dire warnings of judgment in relation to her His chosen people. Her end as a nation, never to be restored, was pronounced. Jehovah said He would send His Servant who would be born the Son of David. This Divine Person would be their Savior. Only a remnant would believe the Savior would die. He would be a light to the Gentiles. Jehovah through Him would form and create a new people, the majority of whom would be those not of Israel but Gentile nations. There is no identification of any figure in Daniel's visions with an Anti-Christ who would arise during the Church period. Each has been accounted for in the past progress of history.
All such prophecies ceased at the end of the Old Testament, with the Words of Jesus Christ in His Gospel and in His Revelation given to John. They end with the destruction of Israel as a nation and the continuation of the Roman Empire for a time. The Anti-Christ of 2 Thessalonians 2:4, in Paul's mind would have been Caesar, who wreaked such terrible atrocities upon the people.
The day of the Lord was the day of His judgment upon Israel as prophesied regarding the times of the outpouring of the Spirit in Joel 2:28-32, evidenced by these words in particular: "… Before the great and terrible day of the LORD comes. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those that escape, as the LORD hath said, and among the remnant those whom the LORD doth call".
The Bible then takes a different course. The prophecy ceased in relation to natural events with earthly kingdoms. Paul indeed discloses that judgment is upon Israel: "… And wrath cometh on them to the uttermost" Murdock (1 Thes.2:16). Also he reveals that there is an Anti-Christ (2 Thes.2:4) who can be identified as Caesar of that time. John says his number is 666, the equivalent of Caesar. Such a figure for the end of the church period is never mentioned. We are to be looking for the coming of the Lord and never of an Anti-Christ as millions have and still do.
There is now one kingdom with which God is dealing in His Word. Naturally, the majority consist of Gentiles with a small portion being the remnant of the Jews. It is a Spiritual Kingdom, the Kingdom of God and of Christ that is not of this earth. It is a heavenly Kingdom. Jesus indicated in Acts 1:7 that time belonged to the Father and that He did not disclose future earthly events, times or dates. Therefore the Epistles constitute our guide in a Spiritual way. We are citizens of heaven and have received eternal life. We are given knowledge that there will be a major Spiritual falling away.
Also we are given hope in the future promise that the Lord Jesus will return. He will catch up His saints where we meet Him in the air, having put on immortality, our bodies turn into those of glory. The Lord will descend with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, His own voice and with the trumpet of God that He Himself blows. We shall be forever with the Lord, never to return to this earth. The wrath, judgment and eternal abode in hell will be the lot of the wicked unbelievers.
As we are seated in heavenly places in Christ Jesus living by faith, the Lord knows that it is not necessary to give a prophecy as to the future. The just live by faith and purify themselves by this living hope. This brings about a looking and readiness for the coming of the Lord Jesus. Our future lies embedded in this hope, not necessitating any prophecies as to when it might occur.
Dr. Irene Bonney Faulkes D.D.
WRONG TEACHING ABOUT "THE NAME" USED IN BAPTISM AND RESTORATION
The following is a teaching found in some Pentecostal quarters throughout the Northwest U.S.A. and Canada. It comes from Seattle, Washington through Oeffler's teachings in the nineteen twenties. This teaching went throughout New Zealand, the whole of Indonesia and now in some areas in Australia. Christian Outreach Centre churches baptized in water using the formula, "In the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost which is the Lord Jesus Christ". The teaching is "The Name".
It says that water baptism must be in the Name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, which is the Lord Jesus Christ. The teaching is the Name Lord stands for the Father, Jesus is the Son and Christ stands for the Holy Spirit. The name "LORD" in the Old Testament is translated as such from the Hebrew Yhwh. That is a wrong translation of Scripture as it should be Jehovah.
Christ means "The Anointed" and comes from "Christos" and as a Jewish scholar says, in Hebrew it means "The Messiah", the realization of Israel's hopes. Christ cannot be the Name of the Holy Spirit as they state. I have heard them teaching that "The Holy Spirit's Name (Christ) means ‘the Anointing." This is error.
That belief reminds us of the heresy of the ancient Ebionites, who believed that Jesus was a man and that at the time of His baptism, "the Christ" descended upon Him, stayed with Him and left Him before His death. They were originally poor, Judaistic Christians. Their beliefs are heresy.
They say the followers of this teaching regard it as not "Jesus Only", but the Assembly of God Australian churches did state their belief that it was definitely "Jesus Only".
The fact remains that it names only one person of the Godhead, the Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord Jesus Christ is one Person only. In calling the Three Persons, Father, Son and Holy Ghost by the name of a single Person only indicates the individuality involved by the giving of an individual name that is "the Lord Jesus Christ". There is a plurality of Persons. To give credence to their claim would mean a departure from all logic and reason. Their belief is not that of the Jesus Only doctrine that was resurrected around 1915 among Pentecostal people.
The only time in Church History where this view of God where this view of God has been held at the time of Sabellius. It emerged again at the time of the beginnings of Pentecostalism 1913 in the States within the ranks of the Assemblies of God. Canadian evangelist R.E. McAllister preached at a Los Angelus camp meeting on baptism and noted Acts 2:38. One, Scheppe, the next morning shouted that the Lord had revealed to him the truth on baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. It should be noted that revelations have always been dangerous. I think none of them knew the history of Sabellius and his doctrine that was held by a mere minority throughout history.
There was also a combined camp meeting of Pentecostals held in California, U.S.A. Ewart, an Australian by birth, was there at the time. He had preached publicly in 1914 on baptism in the name of Jesus and he with others were rebaptized. He has been reported by a historian as having received a revelation. Running through the camp he declared what it was. "There is only One (not three) and it is Jesus only". This caused a division amongst all the Pentecostals of North America gathered there. There came into being a branch consisting of those who ever afterwards retained the belief of there being One, Jesus Only, that they called the Oneness doctrine. He really obtained a demonic belief as it is against the whole content of both the Old and New Testament. The main body of Pentecostals retained the age long belief in the Trinity, mainly so of the Assemblies of God.
This new doctrine spread rapidly, but was opposed by J. Roswell Flower, leader of the newly formed Assemblies of God. Despite losing members, the Assemblies of God continued to oppose the views of the Oneness people. It denounced, in 1915, aspects of Oneness teaching on God and Christ that are contrary to the Scriptures.
The Oneness belief is strongly held throughout North America, particularly among the black brethren, even many who are in England today. They say that "God is a Spirit" as a quotation from the KJV, showing there are not three Persons. However, the real translation is "God is Spirit". God is Three Persons. It is to be found in other countries including Australia and Indonesia.
The Jesus Only or Oneness doctrine was in existence long before the latter rain move of 1948.
There is a large account of this in the "Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements". The controversy amongst the Pentecostals was long, widespread, racial, denominational, doctrinal and rather bitter. The distrust still exists. This proves the necessity of knowing the Word of God and of following its truths.
This is a form of Sabellianism which belief intrudes in churches to a minor degree, throughout historical records. It did die down.
In Christianity, Sabellianism, (also known as modalism, modalistic monarchianism, or modal monarchism) is the non-trinitarian belief that the Heavenly Father, Resurrected Son and Holy Spirit are different modes or aspects of one God, as perceived by the believer, rather than three distinct persons in God Himself.
The teaching of baptism in the Name is merely a part of Oeffler’s doctrine. Ray Jackson and W.W. Patterson as missionaries from Bethel Temple, Seattle introduced the teaching along with that of the Tabernacle when they commenced their work in Indonesia. It became the foundation of the most of the many Pentecostal denominations in that country.
While I was a missionary in Indonesia I became acquainted with Bro. Edmondson, a missionary from Bethel Temple, Seattle. He told me he had been in a meeting in Seattle taught by Oeffler. During the course of the teaching then, he heard these words, "I know where the wilderness is, that will hold the church when she is sent out according to Revelation 12:6. It is Saudi Arabia!" The Brother told me that as he heard this a light came into the room. On hearing that, in my heart I immediately knew the doctrine, the whole doctrine, could not be from the Lord. He does not send light into rooms to accompany any preaching of Gospel doctrine. Scripturally it can be shown their teachings are erroneous. Another thing is that Indonesian Pentecostal Churches, as we discovered in the early 70’s, being full of these teachings including the Tabernacle, were dead, void of the operation of the Holy Ghost according to Acts Chapter Two and were well and truly far removed from the truth of the Gospel and the outpouring of the Holy Ghost. God used us to see them begin to be lifted into wonderful infillings of the Holy Ghost in hundreds of churches and multitudes of people.
Ray Jackson as the apostle introduced his teachings through his disciples in New Zealand and Australia. In the former country it is a major force. In the latter it was introduced into Clark Taylor’s Christian Outreach Centre Churches, as well as that of "David’s Tabernacle" explained elsewhere. It is based wrongly on this Scripture: "In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will re-build it as in the days of old" (Amos 9:11). This is a minor aspect of Ray Jackson’s ministry, he having taught it to Kevin Conner, a well known teacher and writer who left the AOG. Conner and others introduced it to C.O.C., West End. As regard to Oeffler’s teachings, they have been mainly confined to those three countries. When the 1948 Latter Rain Move took effect in Sharon Orphanage and Schools at North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada, Ray Jackson was one who took on that teaching and its experiences. Bethel Temple rejected it. Ray Jackson incorporated Latter Rain in what he taught in New Zealand and Australia. Christian Outreach Centre churches and Clark Taylor, having embraced teachings from Latter Rain, together with their emphasis on the Word of Knowledge have been open to further and varied supposed "revelations and prophecies from the Holy Spirit".
In addition he took up Reg Lascelles’s promotion of the restoration of David’s Tabernacle. Lascelles pastored Glad Tidings Tabernacle Vancouver and wrote a book in the 1930’s about the origin of that doctrine and experience.
Both in New Zealand and Australia today the teaching on restoration and that of David’s Tabernacle experientially predominate amongst Pentecostals and Charismatics. It took a most major hold in New Zealand and is found among half the Pentecostal churches there. Across the Tasman it filled Australian Christian Outreach Centre Churches, as well as Pentecostal and Independent ones in Australia. It has produced an unscriptural exaltation of rock bands, music, singers on the platform and so called "Praise and Worship".
Bill Britton also taught about the Man-child, the army of the Lord and Christ appearing and the manifestations of the sons of God, which teaching was rejected by many of those latter rain churches in New Zealand. There has been some acceptance of his particular emphasis world-wide, including Australia.
Here as an introduction we give some comment about the restoration of David’s Tabernacle teaching. Reg Lascelles apparently found blessing in a meeting through Hallelujahs and certain worship. He asked the Lord what this was. He supposedly replied, "This is the Restoration it as in the days of old" KJV (Amos 9:11).
This is another translation:
"On that day I will set up David's fallen tent. I will repair the holes in it. I will restore its ruined places. I will rebuild them as they were a long time ago" GW
Historically, there are many other verses in the Old Testament that treat with the fall of the hut, tabernacle or kingdom of David.
This is an interesting comment by K&D:
"The kingdom of David could only be raised up again through an offshoot from David's family. And that this can be no other than the Messiah, was unanimously acknowledged by the earlier Jews, who even formed a name for the Messiah out of this passage". They use Isaiah 11:1 "And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots" KJV
This is confirmed by James at the Council in Jerusalem. He said this in relation to the establishment of the Church of Jesus Christ that obviously is to include the gathering in of the Gentiles, as follows:
"And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Brethren, hearken unto me:
"Symeon hath rehearsed how first God did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name.
"And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
"After these things I will return, And I will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen; And I will build again the ruins thereof, And I will set it up:
"That the residue of men may seek after the Lord, And all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called,
"Saith the Lord, who maketh these things known from the beginning of the world" RV (Acts 15:13-18).
Their teaching also says that Romans 6:1-6 and 1 Peter 3:21 means those verses become a personal experience in water baptism and that the "old man" is removed in the waters of baptism. This also is unscriptural. It actually is sacramentalism, a carry over from paganism and Roman Catholicism and other Orthodox churches of the East- Russian, Greek, Syrian etc.
Another of the teachings of the above mentioned followers of Latter Rain teachings is found in Hebrews 6:1-3, where they wrongly say that such so-called Church teachings have already occurred (and are still occurring) and that we are experiencing further restorations in the Church. For example, "baptisms" is "water baptism" and "baptism in the Spirit". However, many translations of the Bible show that this "baptisms" actually is "ritual washings" in the Old Testament Jewish way of worship. They say "laying on of hands" (for prophesying) did occur in 1948. Also they expect that in the future we can see many cases of people being raised from the dead. They expect judgments in the Church similar to what happened with Annanias and Sapphira. These teachings began in Australasia in the fifties. A correct understanding of Hebrews 6:1-6 and experience prove such to be wrong.
Their teaching is about the "Restoration Of All Things". Peter spoke about this but his preaching presented a meaning different from that followed by the Latter Rain believers and now other Pentecostals and particularly Charismatics.
This idea of restoration springs from the events in 1948 with those teachers and students who were expelled from the Canadian Pentecostals and who gathered in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada. They were hungry for God. Much prolonged seeking of God was their intent and undertaking. Then certain ones received what they said was the revelation of the Spirit. They then decided that the Lord was working in accordance with Hebrews 6 and this further quotation. These verses are used to this day as the backing for all that these Latter Rain followers believe in. It spread to parts of Canada and U.S.A., and then to New Zealand and mow Australia. During recent years their beliefs have infiltrated the Charismatic Move and gathered momentum there whereas previously the main-stream had Pentecostals rejected them.
Another portion of Scripture used as a base is the following SLT:
"17 And now, brethren, I know that ye did in ignorance, as also your rulers. 18 But God, announced these things beforehand by the mouth of all his prophets, for Christ to suffer, he so completed. Isa 50:6; Isa 53:5; Luke 24:27; 19 Therefore repent, and return, for your sins to be wiped out, so that times of refreshment might come from the face of the Lord; Acts 2:38; 20 And he send Jesus Christ, before proclaimed to you, 21 Whom heaven must truly receive till time of restoration of all which God spake by the mouth of all his holy prophets from forever. 22 For Moses truly said to the fathers, That a prophet shall the Lord your God raise up to you from your brethren, like me; him shall ye hear according to all whatever he speak to you. Deut 18:15; Deut 18:18-19; John 1:46; Acts 7:37; 23 And it shall be, whoever hears not that prophet, shall be destroyed from the people. 24 And all the prophets from Samuel, and those in order, as many as spake, also announced beforehand these days. 25 Ye are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which God set with our fathers, saying to Abraham, And in thy seed shall all families of earth be praised. Gen 22:18; Gal 3:8; 26 To you first God, having raised up his child Jesus, sent him praising you, in turning away each from your wickedness."
The basic verse they use is v.21 that uses the word "restoration" in some versions. The ISV reads like this:
"Heaven must receive him until the time of universal restoration that God announced long ago through the voice of his holy prophets".
They have used this verse totally out of context and with a meaning never given it by Peter. He spoke with the unction and inspiration of the Holy Ghost, Whom we believe is the Author of our Bible.
Peter speaks of a "universal restoration". The Greek word used is apokatastasis. It means the "restitution" that is formed from the Greek meaning "reconstitution".
The meaning is that all things prophesied in the Old Testament regarding the work of the Messiah. Such events are to occur. Clarke explains it aptly and we must concur that what Peter preached has nothing to do with a restoration of Spiritual things before the Lord comes and that such Spirituals are connected to what transpired in the early Church. Let us note that Peter was preaching at the beginning of those wonderful outpourings of the Spirit and could not have been referring to such. No, the Spirit in him was informing all that the wonderful prophecies concerning the kingdom of Christ would eventuate in the coming of the Lord for His own to transport all to heaven to live in an eternal abode that we must anticipate.
The use of this verse and Hebrews by these brethren shows a lack of discerning the plain truth of the Word that is conveyed and clearly revealed if we examine the context and the words themselves. The Old Testament prophets did not foretell any wonderful restoration of Spirituals in the Church of Jesus Christ towards the end of the age. Their projections were for a new heavens and a new earth that Peter himself reveals in his epistles. This is the restitution, reinstitution or restoration of all things.
We are left in the position of reading what all of the New Testament reveals, believing it and living it in our personal and church lives. Generally, this course is never followed. We jump on board of strange revelations that individuals receive and do not examine them in the light of Scripture. We are "to prove all things".
In addition, as Moses dictated, we are to "hear him" or as the RV declares: "Moses indeed said, A prophet shall the Lord God raise up unto you from among your brethren, like unto me; to him shall ye hearken in all things whatsoever he shall speak unto you" (Acts 3:22).
I discovered for myself that the Scriptures clearly relate the above-quoted verses to all that the Old Testament reveals. The question remains as to whether many do read and re-read the Old Testament so as to discover what it does intend for our understanding. At North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada, there were Bible School students, presumably not having been great readers of their Bibles, who were given so-called revelations from the Spirit. Undoubtedly, they did receive something from God.
My life-long experience of Pentecostalism and the Charismatic Move has been an observation of truth mixed with error and real touches of the Spirit with those arising from the souls and minds of humans. This is the wide-spread condition in the churches of Australia. Such an erroneous situation regarding beliefs and practices has prevailed for centuries and still prevails in every main-line church and denomination as well as amongst Pentecostals and Charismatics, world-wide.
Our base must always be the whole Word of God.
To support my beliefs, I quote the following from Clarke's commentary:
"Acts 3:21 Whom the heaven must receive - He has already appeared upon earth, and accomplished the end of his appearing; he has ascended unto heaven, to administer the concerns of his kingdom, and there he shall continue till he comes again to judge the quick and the dead.
The times of restitution of all things - The word αποκαταστασις, from απο which signifies from, and καθιστανειν, to establish or settle any thing, viz. in a good state; and, when απο is added to it, then this preposition implies that this good state, in which it is settled, was preceded by a bad one, from which the change is made to a good one. So in Acts 1:6, when the disciples said to Christ, Wilt thou at this time restore again (αποκαθιστανεις) the kingdom to Israel? they meant, as the Greek word implies, Wilt thou take the kingdom from the Romans, and give it back to the Jews? Now, as the word is here connected with, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets, it must mean the accomplishment of all the prophecies and promises contained in the Old Testament relative to the kingdom of Christ upon earth; the whole reign of grace, from the ascension of our Lord till his coming again, for of all these things have the holy prophets spoken; and, as the grace of the Gospel was intended to destroy the reign of sin, its energetic influence is represented as restoring all things, destroying the bad state, and establishing the good - taking the kingdom out of the hands of sin and Satan, and putting it into those of righteousness and truth. This is done in every believing soul; all things are restored to their primitive order; and the peace of God, which passes all understanding, keeps the heart and mind in the knowledge and love of God. The man loves God with all his heart, soul, mind, and strength, and his neighbor as himself; and thus all the things of which the holy prophets have spoken since the world began, relative to the salvation of any soul, are accomplished in this case; and when such a work becomes universal, as the Scriptures seem to intimate that it will, then all things will be restored in the fullest sense of the term. As therefore the subject here referred to is that of which all the prophets from the beginning have spoken, (and the grand subject of all their declarations was Christ and his work among men), therefore the words are to be applied to this, and no other meaning. Jesus Christ comes to raise up man from a state of ruin, and restore to him the image of God, as he possessed it at the beginning.
All his holy prophets - Παντων, all, is omitted by ABCD, some others, one Syriac, the Coptic, Ethiopic, Armenian, and Vulgate. Griesbach leaves it out of the text, and inserts the article των, which the Greek MSS. have, in the place of παντων. The text reads thus: Which he hath spoken by his holy prophets, etc.
Since the world began - Απ’ αιωνος; as αιων signifies complete and ever-during existence or eternity, it is sometimes applied, by way of accommodation, to denote the whole course of any one period, such as the Mosaic dispensation. See the note on Gen.21:33. It may therefore here refer to that state of things from the giving of the law; and as Moses is mentioned in the next verse, and none before him, it is probable that the phrase should be so understood here. But, if we apply it to the commencement of time, the sense is still good: Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these things; and indeed the birth, life, miracles, preaching sufferings, death, resurrection, ascension, and reign of Jesus Christ, have been the only theme of all prophets and inspired men from the foundation of the world.
Acts 3:22 Moses truly said unto the fathers - On this subject the reader is requested to refer to the note at Deu.18:22. From this appeal to Moses it is evident that Peter wished them to understand that Jesus Christ was come, not as an ordinary prophet, to exhort to repentance and amendment, But as a legislator, who was to give them a new law, and whose commands and precepts they were to obey, on pain of endless destruction. Therefore they were to understand that the Gospel of Jesus Christ was that new law which should supersede the old."
PRESENT DAY TEACHING AND SOME HISTORY
Having just completed what I thought was the whole book, I turned on the Australian Christian television in time to hear Kong Hee, pastor of the large Harvest Church in Singapore. He commenced preaching on the subject, Restoration of David’s Tabernacle Part One. I was greatly interested to hear what he would say and thought he might have the right slant from the Word of God. He preached a good sermon but it was far from the truth as he brought the teaching into the Charismatic present day experience.
He also emphasized the glory of David’s tabernacle and told how it was built for the Ark of the Covenant. He spoke truly about what David introduced. It was one of joy, praise, music, song, dancing and worship using such means. It was based on love and quoted what Jesus said about loving God with all our hearts and our brother as one’s self. He stated that David won every battle and ruled a kingdom of prosperity. He said that in our Restoration of David’s Tabernacle we can expect the same and a great harvest in the whole of Asia. In view of the words of David himself one becomes extremely alarmed. David's prophetic words ties in with what had been written above.
It is now obvious that this teaching eventually overtook Singapore, even as it has in New Zealand and Australia. Now for some history.
My first husband, Cecil Askin Bonney and myself were involved in a Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Singapore many years ago.
In 1978 God sent us again to the Charismatics of Indonesia and from there to those of Singapore and Malaysia. Cec was greatly used by God, not in the Charismatic or Pentecostal way, but in the Holy Ghost way of the Book of Acts and Corinthians. We had been Pentecostals and moved in and amongst the Charismatics. Cec ministered amongst the Brethren in Singapore and Malaysia. There was a Brethren man who ran a business in Singapore called Tithes. He spoke of the commencement of a Bible School. He asked me if I would run one, that eventually became Tong Ling. I think his name was Brother Koo. I declined as I did not have the calling and neither did I have the capability, even though I had run a small Bible School in Indonesia.
There were two Charismatic brothers, ex-Brethren, who came from Palmerston North, New Zealand. They became involved. Having come from New Zealand they surely brought with them the full teaching on the Restoration of David’s Tabernacle.
We ourselves neither followed nor taught it. It was the then Canon Wong who took Cec to lay hands on the eldest son of Asia’s richest man who had founded Tiger Balm. The son was scheduled to have his leg amputated the following week due to Diabetes. He was healed and he and his wife entertained us in their house on Mansion Hill. He still had his legs.
Cec was greatly used amongst the Charismatics of Indonesia the first time he was there from 1971. Indeed I also was in the picture having gone there previously alone in 1970. As well as multitudes of poor we ministered the baptism with the Spirit to the wealthy and famous. They were Chinese business people, Indonesian politicians, a professor, lawyer, Roman Catholics, pastors, all kinds of Pentecostal and protestant churches, head of beer brewery, members of a royal family, singing stars and even an Admiral.
In Singapore Cec was greatly used among the F.G.B.M.I. and large churches of all denominations, particularly Anglican and Methodist as well as myself. He saw words of knowledge and healings amongst such people as Doctors, professors, politicians, bankers, top business people, churchmen, ministers and the wealthy. I joined him in 1978 having come from ministry in Indonesia and together we saw God move in place after place in Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and even in the Philippines. It was wonderful what God did. Throughout Indonesia the Lord had worked His wonders.
Here is one incident. In 1973 Cec in Kalimantan (Borneo) was the first Pentecostal preacher to be invited into a 100 year old church founded by Swiss missionaries. This was because he had laid hands on a member who was instantly healed. In the meeting led by two of their preachers 1200 came forward to be born again. The floor was wet with their tears. The lame walked amongst other miracles such as a deaf and dumb demon possessed girl who barked like a dog, being delivered and hearing a watch ticking while commencing to talk.
I went across with our son from Java and we slept in a house, with toilets, built over the river. Its dirty waters were held in a cask for a day so that the sediment could drop to the bottom. The water was boiled and we drank it. One of those preachers mentioned was baptized with the Spirit as I ministered to him. He wrote me later that he had left the denomination and was preaching the Gospel and healing the sick.
We can trace the teaching on the Restoration of David’s Tabernacle back to Reg Lascelles, Glad Tidings Tabernacle Vancouver through Ray Jackson.
The teaching was in Canada and North-western U.S.A., particularly the state of Washington. From there Ray Jackson took it to New Zealand teaching it to his converts and those under his apostleship, as stated elsewhere. From there it went to Australia in a small way in the late 50’s and 60’s. Then in the 70’s Clark Taylor received the teaching into his Christian Outreach Centre Churches through David Jackson, Ray’s son, and Peter Morrow of Christchurch, Kevin Conner, as well as Kinder Greening of Invercargill.
Frank Houston brought the idea of Latter Rain's/Lascelle's worship involving music and dancing to Sydney in the 70’s as well as Trevor Chandler in Brisbane. He had come from Wellington from Frank’s church in the sixties. Clark Taylor became greatly associated with Trevor Chandler and Bob Midgly from Auckland AOG in ministry at Ian Munro’s church Windsor, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was through Trevor and formerly Frank Houston that Clark Taylor received the ‘Slaying Power’, even as stated by Clark Taylor publicly.
I would like to record just the history of those times as Cec and I were greatly involved in many places. While disagreeing with their doctrines, I say they are my beloved brethren. I have esteemed them highly for their callings, graces given, Holy Spirit signs and above all their dedication and consecration.
There is one other Pastor I should mention, the late Dr. Garnet Budge, as God used him also in connection with much that transpired in the beginning with Clark Taylor. Both these men pastured churches within a few kilometers of each other. What God did through each has an influence with what transpired with each other. Cec was Associate Pastor with Pastor Garnet Budge at the Assembly Of God, now Garden City, Mount Gravatt. I myself worked incessantly at that church because of the call of God on my life and my fervent desire to be in His vineyard. We pastored for three years at Goomeri, sent there under God by Ps. Garnet Budge, then in Gympie. I am forever grateful to Garnet that he had faith in us to do this.
Ps. Budge in Mount Gravatt took his church into the Adult Christian Program. We were all enthusiastic and learned many things, having the largest program in Australia of any denomination. We all went out visiting the people and the children, day after day, week after week and for many years. Garnet Budge had vision and was not afraid to introduce new things. I believe that all of this with our prayers produced an anointing of the Spirit that operated in the homes of the whole of Upper and Mount Gravatt. It spilled over I believe to encompass the people of Upper Mount Gravatt and Holland Park Methodist Churches.
At the time Clark Taylor was minister at Upper Mount Gravatt Methodist Church. In those days neither minister knew the other and I think that even today neither realizes the Spiritual influence that has been interwoven in the people who have come to attend those churches.
Pastor Frank Fullwood of Ipswich Assembly of God met Clark Taylor. I was with Frank in the house where we gathered in Corinda so that Frank could lay hands on Clark and his friend to be baptized with the Holy Ghost. They spoke in tongues. I myself latter on was blessed to help Anne Taylor. We Pentecostals at that meeting acted like church mice. Clark himself, later on, was so full of the Holy Ghost that there was nothing of a mouse about him. He was one person that Cec and I always respected for his great liberty of prayer in other tongues. This was around 1965.
Ps. Fullwood suggested to me that I go up to Clark’s house
meetings and be his ‘back-stop’. I did this as he lived up the road from us in
the manse. Clark and a senior minister of Holland Park asked me to do four
religious instruction classes in local schools.
One night Clark spoke about revival in Korea to his meetings in his house. He then took us over to the church at midnight. He asked me to preach what was the first sermon on the baptism of the Holy Ghost for his church. One or two people received and spoke in tongues.
Clark asked me to start visiting his people to get them baptized with the Holy Ghost speaking in tongues as he had brought many of them into conversion. I went to two homes, the first lady receiving. Then the minister at Holland Park stepped in and stopped me saying I was Assemblies of God.
Clark Taylor eventually left the Methodist church and became what he is today.
Cec and I left Mount Gravatt, to pastor Assembly of God churches in three different places.
In 1970 we went to Indonesia for a few years, after spending some time with the Independent Pentecostals of New Zealand, having been invited by Ps. Rob Wheeler of Haddon Hall, Auckland. We spent some time amongst those churches and pastors and they were a great blessing to us. Some of them eventually gave us financial support.
We appreciated their love and prophesying but could not go along with their doctrine. To this day I remember then with fondness. Two pastors who went to California, U.S.A. invited us over to minister in their areas in 1975.
After we returned from Indonesia in 1975 Cec was asked to join the Pastor at G.T.T. Brisbane. Instead we went to Clark Taylor’s Church at West End. He invited us to minister there as Pastors and in our ‘own right’. We were glad to do this. I myself had prayed, ‘Lord, when you move in Australia I want to be in it’. We were in it. In 1977 God moved, in what I believe, was a Sovereign move.
Clark put us in charge of people who would receive the Holy Ghost. Hardly anybody at the time was receiving Acts 2:4. I myself saw 5000 people under my ministry given by God, be filled with the Spirit, speaking in tongues, in a period of six months. Clark asked Cec and myself to run the prayer meeting of a Tuesday night and those held before Sunday morning and evening services. The attendance jumped from seven to a hundred in one week. About that number would attend each of the three meetings. They where glorious meetings. Clark himself took the staff prayer meetings each morning and the prayer meeting before the Thursday morning Healing Service.
We always appreciated Clark in relation to the fact that he knew how to pray in the Holy Ghost and that he had a sensitivity towards having the Holy Ghost move in certain areas and we recognized that here we had a kindred spirit who wanted the Holy Ghost.
Having ministered and experienced much in Australia, New
Zealand, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and other countries we became acquainted
with what has been going on amongst Pentecostals and Charismatics for eighty
years. I am indebted to all the pastors, leaders and saints, multitudes of them,
from all of these nations. I have learnt much.
"IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, OF THE SON AND OF THE HOLY GHOST"
"In the Name" means "with fundamental reference to". It distinguishes Christian baptism, which demands allegiance to the triune God. John's baptism only required repentance.
"In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost" is a way of saying "Unto the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit" - three Persons. In using "the Name" it means we are calling on the divine nature thus the whole Trinity. We call on each person therein. We call on the authority of all Three. It is "Name", singular tense, because it is directed to the same Deity or same divine nature alone. All divine honor is to be to the Father, the Son and the Spirit. In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost is our formal initiation by baptism as a type of our joint baptism with Christ in His death. It is directed unto the same name or the same Deity or same divine nature.
We should look at the usage of Father, Son and Holy Spirit in the Gospel. Also instances of the triune God must be investigated from the Old Testament.
We commence with the Old Testament. "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth" RV (Gen.1:1).
The Hebrew word for God is Elohim. It is plural and denotes God is more than one person. This is consolidated by what Elohim said in Genesis 1:26: "And God said, Let us make man in Our image, after our likeness". NASB
Our Creator is in the plural form in the following translation: "Remember also thy Creators in days of thy youth" YLT (Ecc.12:1).
God lets us know that although He is One He is three Persons.
He reveals He is One in the following: "Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one
Jehovah" LITV (Deut.6:4) and of course the usual translation for Yhwh is LORD.
God also gave a wonderful revelation to Moses regarding the Son. He told him this:
"Behold, I send an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared.
"Pay careful attention to him and obey his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgression, for my name is in him.
"But if you carefully obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.
"When my angel goes before you" ESV (Ex.23:23a).
Certain Jews have said: "This is the Angel, the Redeemer of the world". Philo states that He is the Divine Logos. Others have remarked that it is Michael, the uncreated Angel. In other words this Angel is the only begotten Son of God. God said "My Name is in Him". This reminds us of Matthew 28:16 and the use by Jesus of "in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost".
The use of "name" indicates what each Person is in the totality of His Divine Being. This is not a mere pronouncement of the name of each Person. The fullness of that Divine Person is represented in the use of His own name. The fullness of the Divine Father, of the Divine Son and of the Divine Holy Spirit is represented by the use of each name. This is the revelation of the Triune God who acts so graciously towards us in the salvation provided for us. Each Person of the Godhead (who is One) acts in us and for us who are the children of Christ. We can understand this to be the meaning of the words of Jesus Christ to His disciples.
Now we come to the New Testament. We read these words:
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" LITV (Jn.1:1) and here we have an indication that Jehovah God, Elohim, is more than One Person.
We refer to Matthew’s words: "Then having gone, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (Mt.28:19). Matthew’s Gospel is primarily for the Jews. Under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost he finishes his Gospel with the words of the Lord Jesus, who tells the disciples that all power is given unto Him in heaven and in earth. At the same time He embodies the Divine truth of the Trinity in His use of "In the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit". He leaves them with a truth of which they had been greatly ignorant. God is a Triune Being.
Matthew had already disclosed in 3:16-17 that the Spirit of God descended and the Father's voice was heard from heaven saying: "This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased". Here are the three Persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Jesus speaks about being, "Sons of your Father who is in heaven", 5:45. In 6:9 He tells them to pray: "Our Father who is in heaven, hallowed be your name". He also says to pray "For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen." In 14:33 Matthew reveals the words of the disciples in the boat where they confessed that Jesus was certainly God’s Son.
All these truths are new revelations. The God they now know
is clearly shown to be Father, Son and Holy Ghost.
The significance of baptism is an action taken under the name or Person of the Three. It signifies that becoming a disciple of Jesus is to attribute that all authority has been given to Him but at the same time that this is because of the operation of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit in the bringing forth of salvation.
Jesus was not giving a formula for water baptism. His words have greater implication. This is also revealed by Luke when he writes:
"Then He opened up their mind to understand the Scriptures,
"and said to them, So it is written, and so the Christ must suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day.
"And repentance and remission of sins must be preached on His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
"And you are witnesses of these things.
"And, behold, I send forth the promise of My Father on you. But you sit in the city of Jerusalem until you are clothed with power from on high" LITV (Lk.24:45-49).
Here again the Lord Jesus reveals the importance of the operation of Father, Son and Holy Spirit in the work of salvation for mankind. It is no wonder that Matthew mentions "in the name of" all Three. The name of Father stands for all that He is. In the name of the Son signifies all the attributes and salvation works of Christ. In the name of the Holy Spirit is revelatory of all aspects of His Divine being in His office as Helper, Comforter or Advocate in and through the saints. All that the Father is the Son is and the Holy Ghost is in the manner in which each One bestows His beneficence upon us. In later years Paul would write:
"O depth of riches, and wisdom and knowledge of God! How
unsearchable His judgments, and untraceable His ways!" YLT (Rom.11:33).
BAPTISM IN THE BOOK OF ACTS, IS BAPTISM IN JESUS’ NAME NECESSARY?
In the book of the Acts, the Name of Jesus was used. It was not a formula to be used in the rite of baptism. Christian baptism followed faith in the Lord Jesus, Acts 16:31. Salvation was associated with His Name of Jesus, Acts 2:38; 8:12; 19:5. Being baptised without reference to a name or formula, is mentioned in Acts 2:41; 8:12,38; 9:18; 16:15,33; 18:8; 22:16. Mentions of a name show they were "baptised in the name of the Lord Jesus", Acts 8:16; "in the name of Jesus Christ", Acts 10:48; "they were baptised in the name of the Lord Jesus", Acts 19:5. Peter in Acts 2:38 had said "be baptised in the name of Jesus Christ". It is not clear what exact words were spoken in each case at the time of baptism.
In Acts 19:5, Paul acknowledged the six disciples were "disciples" and "had become believers already" despite the fact they had not been baptised in the "name of the Lord Jesus" or had "received the Holy Spirit". His Name, Jesus, was called by the person baptised, certainly at salvation and probably at the time of baptism. Acts 22:16, "Be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His Name". It was also named over the person baptised, Acts 15:17, James 2:7 "Name that was invoked over you" (in baptism the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, or Jesus). The washing away of sins does not happen through the waters of baptism. One translation reads: "Get yourself immersed, be cleansed of your sins by calling on His name, or be cleansed of your sins as you call on His name", Acts 22:16.
This was Paul's testimony. He was told to "get yourself baptised and get your sins washed away". His baptism was the outward and visible sign of his inward and spiritual cleansing. He was baptised "calling on His name", thus being baptised in (or with) that Name. Water cannot wash away sins, renew the heart or perform any other spiritual action.
The importance is placed on the fact that the person being baptized or the one baptizing must call upon His Name, Jesus. The point of Matthew 28:20 is that the One God is really Three Persons, each of whom has authority. The Father has authority, the Son has authority and the Holy Spirit has authority. This must be recognized.
In many baptisms, the candidate is asked: "Do you believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God?" The Name of Jesus is thus used. When the person says, "I do", he is expressing his faith in Jesus the Messiah and calling upon Him. This he did when previously he actually repented and turned to Jesus Christ as Savior, as Romans 10:9,13: "if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord (or Jehovah God) and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead you shall be saved." and "for ‘Whoever will call upon the Name of the Lord will be saved". That is how Paul taught people would receive salvation. He does not include water baptism in these verses.
The Name of Jesus is called upon for salvation and at water baptism, even though the formula used may be "In the Name of the Father, of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". Therefore, any baptism of a believer in the Lord Jesus Christ by immersion is true. A believer is one who always "calls on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ", as in 1 Corinthians 1:2, "With all those 'calling' (as in Greek) on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ".
The Jews called upon the Name of God, Jehovah (YHWH) Ps.45:11, "since He is your Lord"; Ps.95:6, "let us kneel before the Lord our Maker"; Ps.94:1, "O Lord, you God of vengeance, shine forth!"; Ps.88:1, "Lord, God of my salvation... I cry out in your presence". To be born again, we call upon the Name of "Jesus". "There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven, given among men by which we must be saved (Jesus)", Acts 4:12.
The large movement called "Jesus Only" form of Pentecostalism is also called "Oneness". It is actually a revival of Sabellianism. Sabellius, who wished to avoid any danger of tritheism, formulated this particular belief. He formulated that teaching, so says Cairns in his "Christianity Through the Centuries", after 200 A.D. He taught "a trinity of manifestation of forms rather than of essence", as do the Oneness Pentecostals. He said that God was manifested as Father in Old Testament times, later as the Son to redeem man, and as the Holy Spirit after the resurrection of Christ. There were not three persons in the Godhead but three manifestations! He denied separate personality to Christ, as do the Oneness people.
One wonders if the words of 2 Corinthians 11:2-4 do not apply strongly to the Oneness Movement, who certainly are saints of the Lord. It reads "I betrothed you to Christ to present you as a pure bride to her one husband. But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ. For if some one comes and preaches another Jesus than the one we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or if you accept a different gospel from the one you accepted, you submit to it readily enough". The Jesus of the Oneness Movement is not the Jesus Christ that Paul preached.
According to the "Encyclopedia of Early Christianity", no works of Sabellius survive. The doctrine was called Sabellianism in the east and Monarchianism in the west. This Encyclopedia states that, "Monarchianism referred to a theological movement in Rome based on the teachings of Noetus, Praxess and Sabellius". Like the Jews the early Christians were identified in ancient society by their monotheism. Monotheism means, "there is One God". There are not many gods. We still hold to monotheism today.
"The Modalist Monarchians taught that one divine being had revealed itself as 'Father', 'Son', and 'Holy Spirit' but that these names referred only to temporary modes of activity and were not eternal characters within the Godhead. Sabellius allegedly taught that God was a monad (One) with three energies that appeared in history for the purpose of creation and salvation in 'Father', 'Son' and 'Holy Spirit'.
"Praxes taught that the Father was born, suffered, and died (Prax.28-29). This not only was against scripture but also was against the then definition of the God incapable of feeling or emotion. Monarchianism was always rejected as the primary definition of divine being because it tended to blur the identities and roles of the Father and Son".
Peter would have referred to the words of Jesus Luke 24:46,47, "Thus it is written, that the Messiah is to suffer and rise from the dead on the third day and that repentance and forgiveness of sins is to be preached in his name to all nations", as in Acts 2:37,38 he said: "Repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins".
Let us look at how Wuest, a converted Jew, and a Greek scholar translates it. "Have a change of mind, that change of mind being accompanied by abhorrence of and sorrow for your deed (of crucifying Christ), and let each one of you be baptized upon the ground of your confession of belief in the sum total of all that Jesus Christ is in His glorious Person, this baptismal testimony being in relation to the fact that your sins have been put away, and you shall receive the gratuitous gift of the Holy Spirit, for to you is the promise and to your children and to all who are at a distance, as many as the Lord our God shall with a divine summons call to Himself".
This places the correct understanding of baptism, using the name of "Jesus", in a different light from what the Oneness people say. Notice that baptism is "upon the ground of" etc., not exactly baptism where the one baptizing says, "In the Name of Jesus".
A reading of the Bible and particularly of the New Testament proves these beliefs of Oneness to be wrong. Their belief that the Trinity is a doctrine brought in by the Roman Catholic Church is wrong. The Roman Catholic Church was not even in existence at the time of Sabellius. The emphasis on baptism in "Jesus' Name" seems to replace emphasis on salvation through the Name of Jesus. There has been no proven belief in "Oneness" before the year 200 in the church.
Oneness statements such as when "God comes back again" are unscriptural. The scripture this is taken from is 1 Thessalonians 4:15,16 where it says, "The Lord Himself will descend from heaven". We cannot say "God". We have to say "Jesus", as is already explained by Paul in 1 Thessalonians 3:13, where he clearly says, "at the coming of our Lord Jesus". This, of course, agrees with what the angels said in Acts 1:11, "This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven". We wait for the return of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. It is Jesus who is coming back again. His very Person is returning. Also, in Hebrews 9:28, "so Christ will appear a second time… to save those who are eagerly waiting for him". We wait for Christ to come. It is confusing to say, "God is coming".
There is no case for a rebaptism using "Jesus' Name" because the formula "In the Name of the Father, of the Son and of the Holy Ghost" was used previously in a believer's baptism. When such a person who believed in Jesus was baptized by immersion, it was because he believed in Jesus and called on the Name of Jesus for salvation. In Acts 2:41;8:12,38;9:18;16:33;18:8, it just says, "They were baptized". Elsewhere in the book of Acts it is shown as baptism: Acts 10:48, "In the Name of Jesus Christ"; Acts 19:5, "in the name of the Lord Jesus". Acts 8:15,16 shows they had "only been baptized in the Name of the Lord Jesus" and had not been "baptized in the Holy Spirit". It is salvation through the Name of Jesus that counts. Baptism, because of belief in Jesus, then follows. The formula does not matter. The person believes in Jesus.
The Bible does not call for sacramentalism, which means the "sacrament" of baptism saves. Baptism comes after believing. If we are not careful, we can make "Baptism in Jesus' Name" a kind of god - its importance being exalted above that of the redemption of Christ on the Cross and the necessity for faith in Him.
It has been said there is no mystery about God. For Paul, as in Colossians 1:26, "to make the word of God fully known, the mystery that has been hid ... but has now been revealed to his saints" and in verses 27, 28, regarding "mystery which is Christ in you, the hope of glory, It is He whom we proclaim". The word of God from the beginning of the Old Testament to its end, had mysteries. One of the mysteries was indeed the Person of God. We cannot say even now that this mystery has been revealed to us in the New Testament, that we know all there is to know about God. If we did, we would be as God. We are not and Paul says in Colossians 1:10 "as you grow in the knowledge of God". Our minds can never comprehend the Person of God who is eternal, who is love, who is holy, who is invisible, who dwells in light and who is Spirit.
A search on the Internet shows Oneness (Jesus Only) people also base their belief on John 4:24, KJV, "God is a spirit", meaning one Person. However, the correct translation is "God is spirit", that covers more than one Person.
Oneness bases its fundamental belief of salvation on Acts 2:38.39. Those verses do show the way to salvation, give the need for water baptism and the promise of the outpouring of the Spirit as in Acts 2:4. At that time there was not a wide understanding of salvation amongst the Apostles. In fact, the Church in Jerusalem never lost its Jewishness or clinging to Law, as proved in Galatians. At the beginning, the then Apostles did not even include Gentiles in the Gospel hope. Yet Jesus had said to preach the gospel to every creature, in Matthew 28, Acts 1:8.
Peter's sermon on the Day of Pentecost, Acts 2:14-36 shows lack of content of the gospel. He was preaching to Jews that Jesus was the promised Servant and Prophet. He had not received understanding of the teaching Jesus had given His disciples. Neither did he yet have revelation of the gospel as was given to Paul at a later date that he even fully failed to understand, 2 Pet. 3:15,16. Peter had not yet been taught sufficiently by the Spirit and led into "all truth". Later on the Spirit gave him much more understanding and so he was able to write the 1 and 2 Epistles of Peter. Therefore, it is not wise to base the message of the gospel as a foundation, on his sermon in Acts 2 even though he spoke truth.
That there was the Person of the Son in eternity along with the Person of the Father is proved by John 17:24, where Jesus prays, "Father, …to behold my glory which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world". The Father loved the Person of the Son in eternity. The Son had glory and His love in eternity.
In Acts 4:16 Peter clearly shows that there is salvation in no other name, other than in the Name of Jesus. Romans 10:9,13 that "If you confess with your mouth that 'Jesus is Lord' (Jehovah), ...you will be saved", and "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved". The angel said to Joseph in Matthew 1:21, "You are to give Him the name Jesus".
The ancient Hebrews were monotheistic, following Exodus 20:2,3. The Shema of Deuteronomy 6:4 reads, "Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God is one Lord". They had a veil over their minds, as stated in 2 Corinthians 3. Their minds could not fathom that the one Lord was three Persons as shown in the Old Testament.
Nowhere does the Bible say that there is salvation in water baptism. To make the process of salvation in the person to involve repentance, water baptism and baptism in the Spirit with the "evidence" of speaking in tongues is unscriptural. The New Testament does not show such a belief.
It is dangerous to base a doctrine on the revelation of a "man" in our day, as the Oneness Movement (Pentecostal Unity) does. Paul was given the full revelation of the gospel. It cannot be altered.
There is not a verse in the Bible that says of a convert to Jesus Christ, "He was baptised in Jesus' Name". Therefore it is wrong to make such statements.
Everywhere in the Epistles and in Acts, we read such expressions as "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved", "There is salvation in no other Name", "Whosoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord (Jesus of the New Testament) shall be saved", "they believed Philip as he preached good news about the kingdom of God", "when you believed", "calling on the name", "you have testified about Me", "to open their eyes, that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in Me", "who are called to be saints", "if you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart, you will be saved", "called to be saints together with all those who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ".
"For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, that he was buried that he was raised on the third day", "my love be with all of you in Christ Jesus", "who gave Himself for our sins", "that we might receive the promise of the Spirit by faith" (as children of Abraham), "Christ has set us free", "For neither circumcision (a type only of water baptism) counts for anything, nor uncircumcision but a new creation", "In whom we have redemption through His blood the forgiveness of sins", "Unto Him who has loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood".
Even in Acts 2:38 Peter does not say "You must be baptised in Jesus' Name" as do the followers of the Oneness movement. There is no mention in the book of Acts, "you were baptised in Jesus' Name".
To speak thus of a believer in Jesus Christ is to not see fully the work of salvation in the person's life, as in Titus 3:5-7, "He saved us, not because of deeds done by us in righteousness (including water baptism ‘in Jesus' Name') but in virtue of his own mercy by the washing of regeneration (not water of baptism) and renewal in the Holy Spirit, which he poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Saviour, so that we might be justified by his grace and become heirs in hope of eternal life".
This was the same Holy Spirit who came on the Day of Pentecost. Let us remember that He does many different things in us. Here, He renews us. For the believer being baptised, the importance of words in his life is his own confession of "Jesus is Lord".
We are to believe on God, that is, the Father and so we should believe on Jesus Christ, the Son, also, John 14:1; "No one who denies the Son has the Father, everyone who confesses the Son has the Father also", 1 John 2:21; with Acts 4:12, "There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among mortals by which we must be saved" and Romans 10:13, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved". It is calling upon the Name of Jesus that brings salvation. Water baptism is but a public declaration that the person has called and is calling upon the Name of the Lord Jesus. Therefore, the formula used is not what is important. Everything connected with our salvation, followed by water baptism is in the Name of Jesus, the Person of the Son.
Pentecostals who insist that we say, "I baptize you in Jesus' Name" have missed the point. The point is that salvation, our baptism in Him and our birth into the Kingdom of God are all done in the Name of "Jesus". It is the Name of "Jesus" through which we are saved. It is not necessary to use this mentioned baptismal formula. Personally, I say, "I baptize you in the Name of Jesus, or the Name of the Lord Jesus, or the Lord Jesus Christ". All of those Names are mentioned in the book of Acts baptisms.
I like to also mention, "In the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit", to indicate that there is a Trinity, God being One but three persons, even although I say "In the Name of Jesus". It is the act of water baptism and its meaning that is more important than the exact words spoken.
Let us look at Mark 16:17,18. Jesus said certain things would occur to those who believe. "In My Name", He promised many miracles would occur, including "they shall speak with new tongues". Millions have this experience of speaking in new tongues. Generally, no one ever says, "In Jesus' Name" at such a time. The reason is that the prayer as well as the one receiving, is actually standing in faith, in the Name of Jesus. In the same way the one being baptised in water is standing in faith in the Name of Jesus, as well as the person doing the baptizing. Is it necessary to say "In Jesus' Name"?
This verse can never mean that one is only saved, a believer,
or born again if he is baptized in water. There have to be two or three verses
in harmony before there can be a doctrine.
WHEN IS A PERSON BORN AGAIN?
He is born of God the second he accepts Christ as his Saviour. He is not born again when he is baptised in water. He is born again by the Word of God, as in 1 Peter 1:23: "You have been born anew not of perishable seed but of imperishable seed, through the living and enduring word of God." He is born again of water (the Word) and the Spirit, John 3:7 "that which is born of the Spirit is spirit." John 3:8 "So it is of everyone who is born of the Spirit." Galatians 4:9 "the child who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now."
Water baptism is symbolic. In 1 Corinthians 10:2 the Children of Israel were baptised unto Moses by the waters of the Red Sea. This was not a literal baptism into his person. When we are baptised in the waters unto Jesus Christ it does not mean a literal baptism into His person. It is typical only, of something that has already happened in a spiritual way we experienced.
Nevertheless, the act of baptism within the person's inner being, is indeed a spiritual experience but it only happens once in the life of the believer. The spiritual experience of having died with Christ and having been raised with Him, happened at conversion. That spiritual experience is continuous, according to what Paul said Galatians 2:15, "I see myself (continually) hanging on the tree with Christ".
Paul says in Colossians that we are dead and that our lives are hidden with Christ in God. For this reason, we are to set our affections on heavenly matters.
Undergoing baptism shows we have accepted Christ at
conversion, which has nothing to do with the removal of gold or of legalistic
acts required by any church or pastor. It cannot be that the old man is put off
in the water of baptism. There is no such teaching in the Bible.
ABOUT DAVID'S TABERNACLE
The Old Testament riches pointed forward to a future kingdom. It would be the kingdom of the Messiah. He would be of the lineage of David. He would come out of the root. In Amos 9 the kingdom is called a tabernacle, hut or tent of David. This signifies that the kingdom would fall. God would restore it. This would occur when the Messiah whose right it was to reign would appear. The Old Testament never says it would be an earthly kingdom. The Jews however could envision nothing more than a King on an earthly throne who would remove them from the yoke of their enemies. The disciples of Jesus were in anticipation of such a kingdom even up to the time Jesus was to ascend to heaven after His resurrection.
There was not one hint that this tabernacle, hut or tent would be restored in the form of what David introduced in the tabernacle he built on Mount Zion, housing the Ark of the Covenant.
It is all about that same David who is mentioned in the Book of Hebrews as being used by God to give warning: ‘Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your heart’.
It relates also to what James said in Acts 15 that the restoration of David’s Tabernacle was the establishment of the new people of God including Gentiles as the rebuilt Tabernacle of David. This is the Tabernacle that is the building of a chosen race on Jesus Christ, a precious cornerstone and that is Zion, 1 Peter 2:6,9.
It is obvious that any restoration of David’s hut, booth or
tabernacle, that Reg Lascelles has taught and that others teach today, has not
occurred because there is no scriptural reference to any resurrection of David’s
kind of worship. His worship was confined to the Temple in Gibea and the
Tabernacle on Mount Zion. In the former he would offer sacrifices of animals. In
the latter he had a form of worship that was merely a foreshadowing of New
Testament worship. He had the shadow and not the substance. He was under the Old
Covenant and not the New.
He said that the Spirit of God spoke by Him and that His words were in his mouth. This was the case hence we have the beautiful psalms of David. He and the people would use them as worship. He organized bands of musicians, choirs of singers and groups of dancers. They sang praises to God, the God who dwelt between the Cherubim in His Shekinah or created glory. This was not the glory of Heaven but was glory created by the Divine One of heaven. It was external worship. It was merely a type. God did not dwell in their praises but between the Cherubim listening to their praises and to receive them. "He dwelt upon their praises". KJV reads incorrectly: "in their praises".
A wonderful change has taken place. The Old Covenant has been abolished. The New Covenant has been set in place forever. We quote:
"In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. But that which is becoming old and waxeth aged is nigh unto vanishing away" (Heb.8:13). RV
("For they indeed have been made priests without an oath; but he with an oath by him that saith of him, The Lord sware and will not repent himself, Thou art a priest for ever); by so much also hath Jesus become the surety of a better covenant" RV (Heb.7:21-22).
The "rest" of the Gospel has arrived. This is explained in Hebrews 3 & 4. In 3:7-11, the Holy Spirit gives warning. It is about the disobedience under Moses and those who failed to enter his rest. In Chapter 4 the Holy Spirit still speaks of the rest. We who have believed in Christ have entered the rest. In verse 8, Joshua did not give them rest, yet he took them into the promised land. The name Joshua meaning Jehovah is salvation, is another form of "Jesus", that is the name for our Savior. That promised land of Canaan given to the Children of Israel was merely a type of our promised rest. Our promised rest is the land described in Hebrews 12:20-22, to which we have come, Mount Zion, the heavenly Jerusalem, the city of the living God. Here is the church of the living God.
Then we have vvs.6.7:
"So God set another day. That day is today. Many years after your ancestors failed to enter that place of rest God spoke about it through David in the passage already quoted: If you hear God speak today, don't be stubborn" RV (Heb.4:7).
Then the rest is explained to us in v.10:
"For he that is entered into his rest hath himself also rested from his works, as God did from his" RV (Heb.4:10).
This brings to mind the words of Jesus when He said:
"Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls" RV (Mt.11:28-29).
The wonderful call of Jesus incorporates the idea of rest in Hebrews as well as the yoke referred to by Peter at the Council of Jerusalem. There he says in Acts 15:10, not to place a yoke upon the Gentiles, which yoke the Jews themselves had not been able to bear.
The apostles and the elders had a great discussion. They had heard Paul and Barnabas relate what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. Now consideration was being given as to whether it was necessary to direct them to observe the Law of Moses.
Peter told them the hearts of the Gentiles as well as their own had been cleansed by faith. This was the rest of God in the gospel, where works cease. It was the occasion when James then stood up and declared all he did about the restoration of the tabernacle of David.
There is no place for works of religion in the message of the Gospel. We are saved by grace through faith. This means that what David had as related in Hebrews was not the rest of the gospel. His worship was not under the rest of the gospel. His mode of worship is not to be our mode, just as his manner of life under Law and living in the promised land is not to be our way to salvation and Christian living. We are under grace and the rest of the gospel. Therefore the manner in which David organized his worship in his tabernacle, is not for today.
The teaching on "The Restoration Of David’s Tabernacle" is wrong. It has led many down the pathway in the exaltation of the musical scene in our churches. I fear also the modern presentation like the world feeds the lust of the carnal. Our worship is to be under the rest of the Gospel. This is in Spirit and Truth.
We do not enter a material tabernacle today. We enter the courts of heaven in the Spirit, through faith, to the throne of God.
"… Because through him we have the access--we both--in one Spirit unto the Father" YLT (Eph.2:18).
"Let us therefore draw near with boldness unto the throne of grace" ASV (Heb.4:16).
Our worship is not of this world. We are to worship solely in Spirit and it Truth. These are the invisible. We do not use visible means except that we are visible persons gathered together in a visible assembly of believers. Our bodies are the living sacrifice to God who is Spirit. They are the instruments of our worship. Within this earthly frame is Christ dwelling in our spirit. We have a new creature inside of us, the creation of God Himself that has been made a partaker of the principle of the divine nature. We approach the throne of God in heaven.
We do this through the invisible means of the blood of Christ that is in heaven. There is no material way by which we approach the throne of God. Jesus Christ alone is our Mediator and great High Priest who stands ready to receive the glory of Holy Ghost worship that comes from our spirits filled with the Holy Spirit. He uses the musical instrument of the tongues of us who in this way enter heaven’s gate and approach the throne of God in Spirit. There is no need for carnal means in this glorious and heavenly realm. We are in the Spirit. Being in the Spirit always involves worship in other tongues.
"When a person speaks in another language, he doesn't speak to people but to God. No one understands him. His spirit is speaking mysteries" GW (1 Cor.14:2).
"If I pray in another language, my spirit prays, but my mind is not productive.
"So what does this mean? It means that I will pray with my spirit, and I will pray with my mind. I will sing psalms with my spirit, and I will sing psalms with my mind.
"Otherwise, if you praise God only with your spirit, how can outsiders say 'Amen!' to your prayer of thanksgiving? They don't know what you're saying.
"Your prayer of thanksgiving may be very good, but it doesn't help other people grow" GW (1 Cor.14:14).
The verses here deal with the gifts of tongues and interpretation. We relate them to worship in other tongues that springs from the tongues given with the baptism of the Holy Ghost. The point we make is that we can pray with our spirit, sing with our spirit and gives thanks with our spirit, which is in other tongues from the Holy Ghost. Then there is the following passage:
"Don't get drunk on wine, which leads to wild living. Instead, be filled with the Spirit by reciting psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs for your own good. Sing and make music to the Lord with your hearts.
"Always thank God the Father for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ" GW (Eph.5:18-20).
There is also this:
"… But be ye filled with the spirit.
"And converse with yourselves in psalms and hymns; and with your hearts sing to the Lord, in spiritual songs.
"And give thanks to God the Father, at all times, for all men, in the name of our Lord Jesus the Messiah" Murdock (Acts 5:18-20).
This all indicates we get filled with the Spirit speaking in other tongues. Each personally speaks to the Lord in other tongues in the form of hymns, psalms or spiritual songs with the giving of thanks. Such are directly from the Holy Ghost. We sing them in other tongues either while alone or with our brethren in the assembly. It is Holy Ghost worship. It is worship in Spirit and in Truth through this blessing, grace and mercy. It is Spirit given in the truth of the Gospel and being Spirit given always involves the Truth. We do not understand what He is saying but our spirits catch the vision, receive the mysteries and truly glorify God. David was never in the Spirit like this.
This is God’s grace and privilege given to us under the New Covenant. The Spirit gives us worship in a heavenly way that far excels any man-made worship. In fact to neglect the latter kind of Holy Ghost worship is to remain under the Old Covenant that has passed away, being no more and thus giving us nothing.
No wonder Isaiah wrote:
"And many peoples shall go and say, come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths" RV (Isa.2:3).
We being part of the many people who are Gentiles who know the Lord as Savior are in the restored Tabernacle of David. We are the children of the Greater King David, the Lord Jesus Christ. We have come to the mountain of the Lord, to the heavenly Mount Zion, to the city of Jerusalem, which is the church of the living God. Let us enter His heavenly court in the Holy Ghost.
David prophesied like this in Psalm 95:8,11. The prophecy occurred in the song or Psalm David wrote to be used in coming before the presence of Jehovah in a Tabernacle he built. Yet he gives warning about the possibility of not entering into the rest of God. God speaks through him the warning that we are not to refuse the rest of the Gospel and stay with the worship of David he provided. That was the third rest of the Old Testament. The three under Moses, Joshua and David are types of the rest of Christ under the Gospel. The Holy Ghost says this in Hebrews 4:7 above. It is what David warned us about:
"Do not be stubborn like my people were at Meribah, like the time at Massah in the desert.
"That is why I angrily took this solemn oath: 'They will never enter my place of rest' GW (Ps.95:8,11)".
God said that he loathed that generation (NASB). What an indictment. This is what He says:
"For forty years I was disgusted with this generation; and I said, They are a people who err in heart; and, They do not know My ways" LITV (Ps.95:10).
This is what happened at the waters of Meribah (Numbers 20:8-13). The Lord told Moses to speak to the rock for water to come out and he as well struck the rock twice with his rod. Water did come out for the Children of Israel but Moses then was forbidden to take them into the promised land. They had murmured against Moses and tested the Lord.
We think of the three warnings in Hebrews 3 and 4. The first was under Moses who gave them the Law. In this they failed. The second was at the time of Joshua when a whole generation through unbelief was kept out of the land of promise.
The third was given through David. A warning that came as part of a prophetic song used in worship to Jehovah in His Tabernacle. In other words he was saying to them:
"We sing this warning in this worship in the Tabernacle I built for the Lord. Yet we are singing something that forbids God’s people to always worship in this way.
"This is not the day of rest. It is by the Spirit of God for my Tabernacle. It is not given for the day of rest that is coming, which is the day of the Gospel of Jesus Christ the Messiah. We use it in praise and worship in my Tabernacle as we dance and sing to the musical instruments. We offer sacrifices in the Temple in Gibea. A new day is coming, the day of rest when there will be no more works under this Old Covenant of the Law, promised land or that covers my kind of worship in this Tabernacle. Here is a warning." This includes the rest in the Holy Ghost through other tongues, for prayer and worship as declared in Isaiah 28:11,12, which Paul quoted in 1 Corinthians 14:21.
David did not understand all these implications but that was at the bottom of what the Holy Spirit was speaking through him.
We who are under the gospel of the grace of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ have entered the Sabbath rest for the people of God, Hebrews 4:9.
The Spirit of God gives grievous warning against following Moses, Joshua or David. We are to be followers of Paul and of Christ. Still many in the church of Jesus Christ hanker for the legalism of the Law as under Moses, for the material prosperity pertaining to the promised land given to Joshua, and for the external, visible and carnal worship of David’s Tabernacle. The same book of Hebrews says this:
"Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful and worship God in reverence and fear in a way that pleases him.
"For our God is an all-consuming fire" ISV (Heb.12:28-29).
All the words spoken by the Spirit surely fill us with such an abhorrence, fear and awe, that we ourselves will follow closely the injunction of the Scriptures. This is a solemn matter. Today we have the legalism of water baptism using "the Name" and of baptismal regeneration, as well as the teachings on prosperity, healing, bodily healing for every sickness and the hope of a restored Israel in a natural land, it being a regard for Joshua’s promised land. Added to this is the teaching of the restoration of David’s Tabernacle system as given to David. Such is in spite of the fact that Hebrews warns us against doing what they did in the material rest under Moses, Joshua and David.
Neither David nor Solomon looked for a restoration of the kind of worship that David had. Their focus was on the prophetic word through Nathan the Prophet. David had built a house of cedar for himself. He thought of the fact that the ark of God was contained within only a tent's curtain. He decided he would build a proper temple. We read this in 2 Samuel 7. God replied through the prophet:
"… I, the LORD, tell you that I will make a house for you.
"When the time comes for you to lie down in death with your ancestors, I will send one of your descendants, one who will come from you. I will establish his kingdom.
"He will build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
"I will be his Father, and he will be my Son. If he sins, I will punish him with a rod and with blows inflicted by people.
"But I will never stop showing him my love as I did to Saul, whom I took out of your way.
"Your royal house will remain in my presence forever. Your throne will be established forever" GW (2 Sam.7:11-16).
The Lord had informed David that his son would build the temple he had wanted to build. Then he was told that "throne of his kingdom" would be established forever. This indicates a Davidic throne but a different kind of kingdom. This King would be a descendant of David on an everlasting throne. This King or Messiah would build a house of God. David received a prophetic word in Psalm 110:1,2 that this King will be David’s Lord.
"A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
"The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies". KJV
It would be a heavenly kingdom. In this manner the tabernacle of David and that kingdom would be eternal.
After the death of David, Solomon his son became king. We turn to 1 Kings 8. In verse 16, the priest brought the Ark of the Covenant that had been removed from David’s tabernacle and placed it in the most Holy place under the wings of the Cherubim, in the temple that Solomon had built.
That was the end of David’s tabernacle. It was replaced by Solomon’s temple. Now there are new institutions on that mountain with different forms of ceremony. David’s tabernacle as a structure or the form of its worship would never be re-erected.
"My father David had his heart set on building a temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel. However, the LORD said to my father David, 'Since you had your heart set on building a temple for my name, your intentions were good. But you must not build the temple. Instead, your own son will build the temple for my name.'
"The LORD has kept the promise he made. I have taken my father David's place, and I sit on the throne of Israel as the LORD promised. I've built the temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel.
"I've made a place there for the ark which contains the LORD'S promise that he made to our ancestors when he brought them out of Egypt" GW (1Kgs.8:17-21).
Solomon built the temple. One purpose of the temple was to have a place for the Ark in which was the Covenant of the Lord. That Covenant has been replaced by the New Covenant. There remains no connection for any people of God with the Ark, the Old Covenant, Solomon’s temple or David’s tabernacle.
David wrote a Psalm concerning this King who would be born of his house. It is in these words:
"Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
"Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.
"Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash
them in pieces like a potter's vessel" KJV (Ps.2:6-9).
Is not this the Messiah? His is the Kingdom and He has come as King in the lineage of David, through whom the fallen tabernacle, booth or tent of David was raised up. He has been given as a Covenant to the people. This Christ was born to be the salvation of the people including the Gentiles. David understood this in:
"Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow" KJV (2 Sam.23:5).
The Hebrew of the following verse is most interesting. It reads like this:
"As for you, tower of the flock,
"Hill of the daughter of Zion,
"The kingdom will come to you" (Mic.4:8).
This whole chapter is prophetic, firstly, of the seventy years in Babylon and the return of the Jews; secondly, it is carried over to be a prophecy for the day of Christ under the gospel. One indication is found in v.2, where it is prophesied that "many nations will come".
Also in 5:2, is the well known prophecy that the Savior would be born in Bethlehem.
Here again is a prophecy in confirmation of Amos 9:11. The
(signifying only one) kingdom that is to come relates to the restoration or
re-erection of the tabernacle, hut, tent of house of David.
THE NEW TESTAMENT AND DAVID
There is no restoration of David’s tabernacle, tent or booth with regard to music or worship in relation to David in the whole of the New Testament. There is only one restoration mentioned. We quote:
"… Who must remain in heaven until the time of universal restoration that God announced long ago through his holy prophets" NRSV (Acts3:21).
This is the KJV:
"Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began."
This will occur at the coming of the Lord and the bringing in of eternity. There is not one Bible scholar who suggests David’s kind of worship in the church of Jesus Christ. We quote from a well known source:
Kiel & Delitsch comment on the passage in Amos 9:
"And whilst these two clauses depict the restoration of the kingdom from its fallen condition, in the third clause its further preservation is foretold.
"The Hebrew word does not mean to 'build' here, but to finish building, to carry on, enlarge, and beautify the building. The words (an abbreviated comparison for 'as it was in the days of the olden time') point back to the promise in 2 Samuel 7:11-12; 2 Samuel 7:16, that God would build a house for David, would raise up his seed after him, and firmly establish his throne for ever, that his house and his kingdom should endure for ever before Him, upon which the whole of the promise before us is founded. The days of the rule of David and of his son Solomon are called 'days of eternity,' i.e., 'of the remotest past' (compare Micah 7:14), to show that a long period would intervene between that time and the predicted restoration.
"The dynasty of David had already received a considerable blow through the falling away of the ten tribes. And it would fall still deeper in the future; but, according to the promise in 2 Samuel 7, it would not utterly perish, but would be raised up again from its fallen condition.
"It is not expressly stated that this would take place through a shoot from its own stem; but that is implied in the fact itself. The kingdom of David could only be raised up again through an offshoot from David's family. And that this can be no other than the Messiah, was unanimously acknowledged by the earlier Jews, who even formed a name for the Messiah out of this passage."
All the writers of the New Testament when they referred to David in his mode of worship in the tabernacle that he built have done so with regard to the fulfillment of Messianic prophecies. This is how we must look at the whole matter. Unless the New Testament shows the manner of any fulfillment we dare not find it in our own ideas or supposed revelation.
Jesus Christ was the prophet like Moses that he said would come. Moses was in the house as a servant. The Lord came as Son over His house. Joshua (Jehovah is salvation) led the people into the Promised Land of rest. Jesus is the anti-type who has taken us into the rest of salvation. David promised that a rest was remaining for the people of God. Jesus as David’s Greater Son was that rest of salvation in the gospel.
We look at the New Testament to discover the revelation imparted then to servants of God. The first one is Zacharias the father of John the Baptist. Luke records the prophesy he gave as he was filled with the Holy Spirit. It concerns the house of David or his tabernacle, hut, booth, tent.
The prophecy went like this:
"He has raised up a mighty Savior for us in the family of his servant David" GW (Lk.1:69); or
"And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us In the house of his servant David" ASV
Thus the house or tabernacle of David is identified as the family of David. It is in accordance with what Amos the prophet said: "In that day I will raise up the fallen tabernacle, hut, of David".
The purpose of God was to "raise up" a Mighty Savior.
Zacharias includes these words in his prophecy:
"To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins,
"Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
"To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace" KJV (Lk.1:77-79).
It is illuminating that the multitude of the heavenly host appearing to the shepherds in the field sang about peace given to men.
When the angel appeared to Mary to inform her that she would conceive and bear a son and name Him Jesus, he was appealing to one who it is said was engaged to a descendant of David. Among other things the angel told her this about that son:
"He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give him the throne of his forefather David.
"He will rule over the house of Jacob forever, and his kingdom will never end" ISV (Lk.1:32-33).
This will bring about the fulfillment with David of 2 Samuel 7 and of the promise of the restoration of David’s tabernacle in Amos 9.
The certainty that David’s tabernacle will be restored or raised up again was in the mouths of those who spread leafy palm branches on the road were Jesus on the colt would enter Jerusalem in triumph. The people shouted:
"And those going before, and those following after, were crying out, saying, 'Hosanna! Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord! (Ps.118:26)
'Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest' LITV (Mk.11:9-10)".
When the Psalmist prophesied that event he had also spoken of the fact that the stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. This is the Messiah. Then he said:
"This is the Lord’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes".
That was a special day made by the Lord for the raising up of David’s house again. The people who shouted "Hosanna" surely had a spirit of prophecy. Here is a figure not looking like a king, not acting like a king and not riding on a kingly beast yet they recognized Him as the One who was the descendant of David. They too were used to show the fulfillment of 2 Samuel 7 and Amos 9:11 as well as Zachariah 9:9.
This event occurred on the first day of the week of Christ's death and burial. It was the last public display, along with that of the children in the temple (vvs.15,16) of worship according to what they did in David's tabernacle. It spelt the closure of that kind of worship. It was on the way to the cross, which dark scene was the end of the Old Covenant. His blood shed there marked the beginning of the New Covenant and its new kind of worship.
Joel Osteen's church of around 30,000 was in the mode on television, of watching or joining in with the soloist, singers, and rock band, with "Dance, dance, dance". They all were jumping up and down dancing as if they were at a rock concert. Is this the restoration of David's tabernacle that the Scriptures reveal? Do you consider homosexuals will go to heaven? Joel Osteen was asked this question by Oprah Winifrey. He said "Yes".
The glory of Christ began to be revealed at the end of the Last Supper:
"Then when he had gone out, Jesus said, Now the Son of Man was glorified, and God was glorified in Him" (Jn.13:31).
Thus begins the glory of the re-erection or restoration of David's tabernacle, house or kingdom. It happened through the cross. David and his kingdom knew little, if anything of the cross. We enter the greater David's kingdom by Calvary's cross.
Our joy in the Greater Son of David's Kingdom begins with this knowledge about which it does well to remember. Jesus said at the Last Supper:
"And taking a loaf, giving thanks, He broke, and gave to them, saying, This is My body being given for you. This do to My remembrance.
"And in like manner the cup, after having supped, saying, This cup is the New Covenant in My blood, which is being poured out for you" (Lk.22:19,20).
He was about to die on the cross in the sight of man as a criminal. The reality was before the Father of heaven. He died in our place. He died an atoning death for us. He satisfied the justice of God and showed His mercy. It is before our Great God, that this death is suffered. Hebrews 9:14 says:
"How much more the blood of the Christ, (who through spirit eternal offered himself unblemished to God,) shall cleanse your conscience from dead works for serving the living God" ABP
This is Vincent's Word Study comments:
Through the eternal spirit
"For the rend. through = by virtue of. Not the Holy Spirit, who is never so designated, but Christ's own human spirit: the higher element of Christ's being in his human life, which was charged with the eternal principle of the divine life. Comp. Rom.1:4; 1Cor.15:45; 1Pet.3:18; Heb.7:16. This is the key to the doctrine of Christ's sacrifice. The significance and value of his atonement lie in the personal quality and motive of Christ himself which are back of the sacrificial act. The offering was the offering of Christ's deepest self - his inmost personality. Therein consists the attraction of the cross, not to the shedding of blood, but to Christ himself. This is Christ's own declaration, Joh.12:32. “I will draw all men unto me.” Therein consists its potency for men: not in Christ's satisfaction of justice by suffering a legal penalty, but in that the cross is the supreme expression of a divine spirit of love, truth, mercy, brotherhood, faith, ministry, unselfishness, holiness, - a spirit which goes out to men with divine intensity of purpose and yearning to draw them into its own sphere, and to make them partakers of its own eternal quality. This was a fact before the foundation of the world, is a fact today, and will be a fact so long as any life remains unreconciled to God. Atonement is eternal in virtue of the eternal spirit of Christ through which he offered himself to God.
"Offered himself without spot
The two other elements which give superior validity to Christ's sacrifice. It was voluntary, a self-offering, unlike that of brute beasts who had no volition and no sense of the reason why they were offered. It was spotless. He was a perfectly righteous, sinless being, perfectly and voluntarily obedient to the Father's will, even unto the suffering of death. The legal victims were only physically unblemished according to ceremonial standards. in lxx, technically, of victims, Ex.29:1; Lev.1:3, Lev.1:10, etc.
"Purge your conscience
For your rend. our. The superior nature of Christ's sacrifice appears in its deeper effect. While the Levitical sacrifice accomplished only formal, ritual expiation, leaving the inner man unaffected, while it wrought externally and dealt with specific sins the effect of Christ's sacrifice goes to the center of the moral and spiritual life, and cleanses the very fountainhead of being, thus doing its work where only an eternal spirit can do it.
"From dead works
The effect of Christ's sacrifice upon the conscience transmits itself to the works, and fills them with the living energy of the eternal spirit. It changes the character of works by purging them of the element of death. This element belongs not only to works which are acknowledged as sinful and are committed by sinful men, but to works which go under the name of religious, yet are performed in a merely legal spirit. None the less, because it is preeminently the religion of faith, does Christianity apply the severest and most radical of tests to works. Professor Bruce truthfully says that “the severest test of Christ's power to redeem is his ability to loose the bonds springing out of a legal religion, by which many are bound who have escaped the dominion of gross, sinful habits.” VVS
Instead of singing and dancing in celebration as they did when they took the Ark of the Covenant (the Old Covenant) into a material tabernacle of David, should we not at least sometimes be singing about Jesus Christ, our Ark of the Covenant under the New Covenant that was inaugurated by the shedding of His blood for the remission of our sins. This old hymn is an example:
"Nailed To The Cross"
There was One Who was willing to die in my stead,
That a soul so unworthy might live;
And the path to the cross He was willing to tread,
All the sins of my life to forgive.
They are nailed to the cross! They are nailed to the cross!
Oh, how much He was willing to bear!
With what anguish and loss Jesus went to the cross,
But He carried my sins with Him there.
He is tender and loving and patient with me,
While He cleanses my heart of the dross;
But “there’s no condemnation”—I know I am free,
For my sins are all nailed to the cross.
I will cling to my Savior and never depart,
I will joyfully journey each day,
With a song on my lips and a song in my heart,
That my sins have been taken away.
(1899) Carrie Elizabeth Ellis Breck (1855-1934)
It was never the custom to use the world's form of music in churches as they to today with their rock bands and singers, using the rock beat and fragmentation that comes from a fragmented and evil society.
The restoration of David's tabernacle or kingdom in the person of Jesus Christ bringing in the New Covenant saw a new kind of worship. It was in the Spirit. The first recorded incident of worship is found in:
"… We hear them speaking in our tongues the mighty works of God" (Acts 2:11).
Strangely, there is no mention of musical instruments or dancing under the New Covenant. The worldly movement of musicians could never be in the Spirit and neither could the accompanying dancing as in a rock concert. Throughout my whole life only on rare occasions have I seen dancing that was in the Spirit. It is not common. It should be normal to speak wonders, sing songs, hymns or thanksgiving in the Spirit in other tongues. This is supernatural as occurred on the day of Pentecost. They spoke in languages they did not know and hence their minds did not understand. They did not know what mighty works God has performed in the crucifixion of Christ, His death, burial and resurrection. How could they? We also only comprehend in a small way and see through a glass, darkly. It is no wonder that God requires worship in Spirit and in Truth. Instead we have insipid words from ourselves, such as "Here I am, Lord". It is based on the psychology of modern self and not on the wonders and glory of our heavenly kingdom of the Greater David.
Paul in his letter to the Romans commenced the epistle with the fact that the Son of God was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh. That this would be so says Paul, had been promised by God through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures in the Gospel. When David is mentioned it always concerns not any revival of his kind of worship but the birth of a descendant of David who would be both King and Savior. That is what Paul is speaking about.
Peter does likewise. He always mentions David not in relation to his form of worship but with regard to the Son of God, the Lord. David prophesied and looked ahead. He did not indicate God had promised him any restoration of his form of worship in his tabernacle. Instead it was about the Christ who was to come. Peter indicates this many times throughout his sermon on the day of Pentecost.
Instead of following the doctrine that obviously is a man-made revelation we should take good note of all the scriptures quoted above. We are to be doers of the word.
Jesus the Word of God declared in John 4:24 that we are to worship in Spirit and in Truth.
Let us obey His words.
This calls for repentance and total revolution in our present way of worship in our churches of our so called worship.
The present day interpretation of the restoration of David’s tabernacle in the Pentecostal and Charismatic churches is an aberration of the gospel.
This is getting on to dangerous and boggy ground, especially on consideration of the words of St. Paul:
"But though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach unto you any gospel other than that which we preached unto you, let him be anathema (cursed)" RV (Gal.1:8).
Here are some very sobering words from Barnes on Galatians 1:8:
"Or an angel from heaven - This is a very strong rhetorical mode of expression. It is not to be supposed that an angel from heaven would preach any other than the true gospel. But Paul wishes to put the strongest possible case, and to affirm in the strongest manner possible, that the true gospel had been preached to them. The great system of salvation had been taught; and no other was to be admitted, no matter who preached it; no matter what the character or rank of the preacher: and no matter with what imposing claims he came. It follows from this, that the mere rank, character, talent, eloquence, or piety of a preacher does not of necessity give his doctrine a claim to our belief, or prove that his gospel is true. Great talents may be prostituted; and great sanctity of manner, and even holiness of character, may be in error; and no matter what may be the rank, and talents, and eloquence, and piety of the preacher, if he does not accord with the gospel which was first preached, he is to be held accursed.
"Let him be anathema (cursed) - that we are not to patronize or countenance such preachers. No matter what their zeal or their apparent sincerity, or their apparent sanctity, or their apparent success, or their real boldness in rebuking vice, we are to withdraw from them.
"Cease, my son," said Solomon, "to hear the instruction that causes to err from the words of knowledge" Proverbs 19:27.
"Especially are we to withdraw wholly from that instruction which goes to deny the great doctrines of salvation; that pure gospel which the Lord Jesus and the apostle taught. If Paul would regard even an angel as doomed to destruction, and as held accursed, should he preach any other doctrine, assuredly we should not be found to lend our countenance to it, nor should we patronize it by attending on such a ministry. Who would desire to attend on the ministry of even an angel if he was to be held accursed? How much less the ministry of a man preaching the same doctrine! It does not follow from this, however, that we are to treat others with severity of language or with the language of cursing. They must answer to God."
We are to withdraw from their teaching; we are to regard the
doctrines with abhorrence; and we are not to lend our countenance to them. To
their own master they stand or fall; but what must be the doom of a teacher whom
an inspired man has said should be regarded as accursed! It may be added, how
responsible is the ministerial office! How fearful the account which the
ministers of religion must render! How much prayer, and study, and effort are
needed that they may be able to understand the true gospel, and that they may
not be led into error, or lead others into error.
THE SURE MERCIES OF DAVID
A few days ago the Holy Spirit gave me a revelation about the sure mercies of David that all these years I have never seen. It was that the mercies of God had been bestowed upon David in a special way. No one in the Old Testament had been such a recipient. I realized that these mercies or blessings were a foretaste of those with which we would be favored under the New Covenant.
I thought of the beginning of Psalm 103 that reads like this:
"Of David. Bless the LORD, O my soul, and all that is within me, bless his holy name!
"Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits,
"who forgives all your iniquity, who heals all your diseases,
"who redeems your life from the pit, who crowns you with steadfast love and mercy,
"who satisfies you with good so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's" ESV (Ps.103:1-5).
The wonder of it all broke upon me. Only on one occasion do we read that David was ill. He wrote these words:
"O LORD my God, I cried to you for help, and you have healed me.
"O LORD, you have brought up my soul from Sheol; you restored me to life from among those who go down to the pit" ESV (Ps.30:2-3).
There is no instance in the Scriptures of his having been wounded in battle, this despite the fact that he bloodied his hands in the killing of hundreds of thousands of the enemy.
I could see that this blessing of healing and preservation carried over to us who are in the Kingdom of his Greater Son Jesus. This also includes parts of Psalm 91:
"He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.
"I will say to the LORD, "My refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust."
"For he will deliver you from the snare of the fowler and from the deadly pestilence.
"He will cover you with his pinions, and under his wings you will find refuge; his faithfulness is a shield and buckler.
"You will not fear the terror of the night, nor the arrow that flies by day,
"nor the pestilence that stalks in darkness, nor the destruction that wastes at noonday" ESV (vvs.1-6).
Jesus himself said not to let our hearts be troubled. Then we have these words: "So we can confidently say, 'The Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?' ESV (Heb.13:1-6)".
This is how we get healing under the New Covenant and other blessings that David received. We believe the promises of God that come through David.
The stripes that Jesus received were given before He went to the cross. He was scourged. Then the soldiers put a crown of thorns on His head and put a purple robe on Him. They mocked Him.
This was not part of the atonement, although it was part of His suffering.
The severity of the infliction in Jesus' case is shown from His inability to bear His cross.
The passages regarding His stripes or scourging in Isaiah 53
and 1 Peter 2, relate to the bearing of our sins.
Peter even declared in the next chapter these words:
"For the Messiah also once died for our sins, the righteous for sinners; that he might bring you to God. And he died in body, but lived in spirit" Murdock (1 Pet.3:18).
The NASB says as well: "Christ also died".
Robertson's Word Pictures comment:
"Because Christ also died (hoti kai Christos apethanen). So the best MSS; later ones epathen (suffered). For sins (peri hamartiōn). “Concerning sins” (not his, but ours). Once (hapax). Once for all (Heb.9:28).
"The righteous for the unrighteous. Literally, “just for unjust” (no articles). See 1 Peter 2:19 for the sinlessness of Christ as the one perfect offering for sin. This is what gives Christ’s blood value. He has no sin himself. Some men today fail to perceive this point.
"That he might bring us to God The verb prosagō means to lead or bring to (Mt.18:24), to approach God (cf. prosagōgēn in Eph.2:18), to present us to God on the basis of his atoning death for us, which has opened the way (Rom.3:25; Heb.10:19.)
"Being put to death in the flesh But quickened in the spirit (zōopoiētheis de pneumati). The spirit of Christ did not die when his flesh did, but “was endued with new and greater powers of life” (Thayer)".
The atonement was effected on the cross and it was for sin.
I discovered that some commentators did not catch the picture of the mercies of David being for us as carried over to the New Covenant blessings. They majored on the also most important and correct idea of the fulfilment of the sure mercies of David. This concerned the covenant God gave David in 2 Samuel 7. It was all about the hope of Israel being the restoration of David's kingdom or tabernacle that came about through Jesus, the Greater Son of David. This of course is the main meaning of the sure mercies of David.
They are fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ and relate to the New Covenant.
JFB clearly sets out that we are indeed partakers of this New Covenant. They quote:
"God's covenant with the antitypical David, who is the Messiah and so with us by are identification with Him".
The apostle Paul applied it in that manner. He did this as follows:
"And we bring you the good news that what God promised to our ancestors he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising Jesus…
"As to his raising him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, he has spoken in this way, ‘I will give you the holy promises (sure mercies of) made to David’ …
"But he whom God raised up experienced no corruption. Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you; by this Jesus everyone who believes is set free from all those sins from which you could not be freed by the law of Moses" NRSV (Acts 13:32-39).
Paul preached this as the word of the Lord:
"Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David — that is my gospel" NRSV (2 Tim.2:8).
This is in accordance with what Peter and James preached.
There is an appropriate verse that shows the blessings of David came to Israel, the remnant and the Gentiles, through Jesus the Son being the covenant given by God, as in:
"I am the LORD; I have called you in righteousness; I will take you by the hand and keep you; I will give you as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations" ESV (Isa.42:6);
"Incline your ear, and come unto me; hear, and your soul shall live: and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David" ASV (Isa.55:3).
"Incline your ear, and come to me; hear, that your soul may live; and I will make with you an everlasting covenant, my steadfast, sure love for David" ESV
The everlasting covenant is with us through Jesus Christ as the covenant. He is the Surety that this covenant will never fail. It is sure.
Here is a comment by JFB:
"I will give you the sure mercies of David — (Isa.55:3). The word rendered “mercies” is peculiar, denoting the sanctity of them, as comprehending the whole riches of the new covenant; while the other word, “sure,” points to the certainty with which they would, through David’s Seed, be at length all substantiated. See on Jn.1:14. "But how do these words prove the resurrection of Christ? They presuppose it; for since an eternal kingdom was promised to David, the Ruler of this kingdom could not remain under the power of death. But to strengthen the indefinite prediction by one more definite, the apostle adduces Ps.16:10, of which Peter had given the same explanation (see on Acts 2:27; Acts 2:30,31), both apostles denying the possibility of its proper reference to David” [Olshausen].
Strong declares a meaning as:
"Of uncertain affinity; properly right (by intrinsic or divine character; thus distinguished from human statutes and relations; from what denotes formal consecration; that is, hallowed (pious, sacred, sure): - holy, mercy, shalt be".
There is also this promise that God gave concerning David and his greater Son, Jesus:
"And I will raise up over them one Shepherd. And He shall feed them. My servant David, He shall feed them, and He shall be their Shepherd" LITV (Ezek.34:23).
"And I shall raise up for them [shepherd one] and he will tend them as my servant David. He will tend them, and he will be their shepherd". ABP
"Then I will place one shepherd over them, my servant David, and he will take care of them. He will take care of them and be their shepherd". GW
These words are fulfilled in the discourse by Jesus in John 10:1-18. He is that Shepherd who lays down His life for His sheep. These sheep are Jew and Gentile. He cares for them in the one flock as the one Shepherd. They hear His voice and follow Him. He knows His own.
However, I saw something that David experienced that he expressed in many Psalms that were indicative of our own blessings through the Kingdom of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. We are co-heirs with Him and benefit from far greater mercies than David ever experienced.
Then I discovered these translations.
"I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David" ASV (Acts 13:34b);
"I will give you the holy and certain mercies of David" BBE
"I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David" ESV
"I will give to you the sacred things of David trustworthy" ABP (Apostolic Bible Polyglot)
"I will give you the enduring love promised to David" GW
Then there are these wonderful promises in different translations of an Old Testament:
"I will promise you the eternal love and loyalty that I promised David" CEV (Isa.55:3b).
"I will make with you an everlasting covenant, my steadfast, sure love for David". ESV
"I will make a lasting covenant with you and give you the blessings I promised to David". GNB
"I will make an everlasting promise to you- the blessings I promised to David". GW
"And I shall ordain with you [covenant an eternal] the sacred things of David, the trustworthy ones". ABP
These wonderful promises carry over from David as they are described in his Psalms, to us under the New Covenant. This in line with the following verses:
"For he is the Yes to all the undertakings of God: and by him all the words of God are made certain and put into effect, to the glory of God through us" BBE (2 Cor.1:20);
"From his full measure we have all been given grace on grace" BBE (Jn.1:16).
Abraham was given the covenant to be fulfilled in Christ. Moses with the Mosaic, gave the Law that was to bring them to Christ. Joshua took the Israelites into the land of promise. David, who typed that Greater David and His everlasting and spiritual kingdom, was the only one to know the blessings, mercies and graces of God in a deeply experiential fashion, that was a precursor of the Spiritual blessings under Christ.
There are only two prophets in the Old Testament where it is declared that God loved them. They are David and Daniel. The former has revealed to him the wonders of the mercies and grace of Jehovah towards him, inclusive of a people who would be created and born into the kingdom of the Greater David. Daniel is the Prophet greatly loved, who foretold of the Saviour who would appear in the Jewish nation, to bring certain salvation and deliverance and wonderful grace and mercy (Dan.9:25; 12:1-3). The remnant of Israel were to receive the gospel first and this did occur as shown in the Gospels and the book of Acts.
In Daniel 12:1-3, he prophecies about this One as Michael, the great prince, who will stand and guard over the sons of Daniel's people, their champion. See Dan.9:25 "Messiah the Prince" (correct translation); Acts 3:15; 5:31; Rev.1:5 (Jesus, Prince of life).
He commences with "At that time" that refers to the reign of Herod the Great, seen in vvs.16-32 then in vvs.46-51 of the previous chapter. He was a most cruel tyrant and a great architect who is "the king" mentioned there. During his reign as "the king" was when the baby Jesus was born, prior to his death. Vvs.1-5 are about Antiochus Epiphanes. Vvs.9-16 describe the Maccabees and their godly reign and rule as kings and priests. Vvs.33-45 are prophetic of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, Augustus Caesar and Candice, Queen of Ethiopia.
Daniel in the prophecy, declares that many will find everlasting life and others, everlasting destruction through His coming and the preaching of the word, the gospel (v.2). In v.3 Daniel is shown that many will hear and understand and that those who teach, leading many into righteousness at that time (e.g. the apostles), will shine as the stars. In v.4, he is informed that at the time of the end of the Jewish economy, many would run too and fro, indicating the world-wide activity by the apostles and others in the spreading of the gospel. He was assured that he would not suffer but would receive his reward in the future.
A major focus in 9:24-27;8:24,25 (not any anti-Christ of our future) are the calamities that would come upon the Jews. The thoughts of both portions are carried forward through 12:6.7,10-12. In both sections, the exact times and timing are foretold so that even Herod the Great in Matthew 2 knew that the leaders of the Jews would know when and where the Child would be born. The end would occur around AD 70 and the full disclosure of the meanings would not occur until around that period but only by those who had repentance and understanding.
Daniel prophesied about all the terrible horrors that would befall the Jews, as a nation, the whole land, Jerusalem, the Temple, the priesthood, the daily sacrifice. There would be those driven off into slavery and included in the persecutions would be some believers in Christ who would be refined by the fire. Such fortitude given them is amazing for it enabled them to stand true to Christ even some unto the death. The majority of believers fled to distant places during the persecutions as Jesus foretold.
John in the book of Revelation reveals that martyrs of this time were in heaven, "under the altar", saying: "How long" (Rev.6:9-11). This book ties in with the book of Daniel in relation to the persecution of the Jews and the fall of Jerusalem. Daniel is also given visions in relation to Gentile kingdoms that affected his people. They confirmed the time of the end of the Jewish nation and not the end of the world.
The matters of chapters 9 and 12 in relation to the terrible judgment upon Israel are explained by Jesus in His predictions of Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21. Thus believers and new converts understood what was to occur in their generation. They are all about the terrible tribulations that began in AD 66.
In chapter 11 he is given marvellous prophecies beginning with Persia and extending to the time of Herod the Great, the one mentioned in Matthew 2. The details of these prophecies span centuries. History informs us of the exact fulfillment of each one.
It was David who received the sure mercies of God and typed the Lord Jesus Christ.
I think that possibly those who are given understanding of
the prophecies of Daniel and the experiences of the sure mercies of David are
beloved. If so what grace!
THE MERCIES OF DAVID IN THE PSALMS CARRIED OVER TO THE NEW COVENANT
We can look throughout the Psalms and discover the promises to David that carry over to us in a fuller way under the New Covenant. David understood the blessing and promises to him were from Jehovah, the Lord God. For us the promises and blessings come to us from the Father by the Holy Spirit that are always through the Name of and through the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Messiah and the Greater David.
We find many such as follows: Let us look at Psalm 1. The blessed man meditates day and night on the Law. He is like a tree planted by streams of water. Here is the New Covenant counterpart:
"That through faith Christ may dwell in your hearts, having been rooted and founded in love,
"that you may be given strength to grasp, with all the saints, what is the breadth and length and depth and height,
"and to know the surpassing knowledge and love of Christ, that you may be filled to all the fullness of God. LITV (Eph.3:17-19).
Psalm 2 carries over to fulfillment in Hebrews 1 were these words are spoken at the beginning:
"In many parts, and many ways, God of old having spoken to the fathers in the prophets,
"in these last days did speak to us in a Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He did make the ages;
"who being the brightness of the glory, and the impress of His subsistence, bearing up also the all things by the saying of his might--through himself having made a cleansing of our sins, sat down at the right hand of the greatness in the highest" YLT (Heb.1:1-3).
In Psalm 5 David speaks of evil. The apostle Paul takes up the prophecy and relates it in this way:
"What then, have WE (the Jews) the superiority, when we have before decided as to both Jews and Gentiles, that all of them are under sin?" Murdock (Rom.3:9).
Let us look at Psalm 8:3-6. It is exemplified in Hebrews 2:5-8. God originally gave man dominion in Genesis 1:26. Through the fall of Adam that dominion was totally lost. He does not have dominion in this world and will not have dominion in the next. The second or last Adam, the Lord Jesus Christ, is the only one with dominion. He now has it and not the first Adam. We in Christ rule and reign with Him in a Spiritual manner. We see the truth from the following:
"For he must reign, till he hath put all his enemies under his feet.
"The last enemy that shall be abolished is death.
"For, He put all things in subjection under his feet. But when he saith, All things are put in subjection, it is evident that he is excepted who did subject all things unto him
"And when all things have been subjected unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subjected to him that did subject all things unto him, that God may be all in all" RV (1 Cor.15:25-28); and
"Who is the likeness of the invisible God, and the first-born of all creatures:
"and by him was created every thing that is in heaven and on earth, all that is seen and all that is unseen, whether thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or sovereignties; every thing was through him, and was created by him:
"and he was prior to all, and by him every thing exists" Murdock (Col.1:15-17).
The "first-born" in no way suggests He was created . Rather, it means according to v.17 the fact of priority that is sovereignty. He is above all.
We are not to be included as those "made a little lower than
the angels" as Hebrews declares the reference is actually to Christ. We cannot
be said to be made a little "lower than God" as declared in a C..O.C. pulpit and
presumably is a general belief now around Australia. This is due to the fact
that most pastors and people are using as their base, the books of Copeland as
well as those of his "Dad" Hagin that spring from Kenyon. Our foundation for all
doctrine and belief is the Bible itself and particularly the New Testament. We
are not "little Christs" as they say, or "little gods" and neither do we have
completely, "the Divine nature". We are not as Christ or as God in their eternal
greatness, Divinity and attributes. We are made only but wonderfully "in His
Here is an interesting translation of Hebrews 1:8c: "However, at the present time we still don't see everything under his Son's control". Murdock
The Man, Christ Jesus, is the only one who could have dominion, but dominion is not His as yet. According to 1 Corinthians 15:25-27, Christ must put all enemies under His feet first of all. The last enemy to be abolished is death. V.27 even says: "For He subjected all things under His feet". LITV and "Clearly, God has put everything under Christ's authority". GW
The error believed in our country and one pedaled everywhere, as coming through Copeland and that from Hagin, is that Satan has dominion. How can this be so when Jesus said that all authority was given unto Him? He is seated in power at the right hand of God. Satan has been defeated and does not control everything in this world. The unbelievers are in his power and control. However, believers, according to the following: have been released from his power:
"In the which ye before walked, according to the worldliness of this world, and according to the pleasure of the prince potentate of the air, that spirit which is active in the children of disobedience:
"in which deeds we also, formerly, were conversant, in the cravings of our flesh; and we did the pleasure of our flesh, and of our mind, and were altogether the children of wrath, like the rest" Murdock (Eph.2:2.3).
Kenyon's teaching that Hagin and Copeland took up, is downright error. Satan was not given the dominion in this world that Adam once enjoyed. He is the prince of the power of the air and the prince of this world's system – not its creation.
The first Adam was given dominion as follows:
"And God blessed them; and God said to them, Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fish of the seas, and over birds of the heavens, and over all beasts creeping on the earth" LITV (Gen.1:28).
Satan has never been given this kind of dominion.
Christ took sin. death and Satan captive as in:
" Because of this, He says, 'Having gone up on high, He led captivity captive' LITV (Eph.4:8)"; and
"Having stripped the rulers and the authorities, He made a show of them in public, triumphing over them in it" LITV Col.2:15); as well as:
"For all things were created in Him, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, the visible and the invisible; whether thrones, or lordships, or rulers, or authorities, all things have been created through Him and for Him" LITV (Col.1:16).
The general concept in this country and I fear it is the only country that has such a general base, is error, heresy and in effect, the doctrine of demons. Why follow it? We are to know our Bibles! What is being taught is "another Jesus" and a strange and unscriptural one. How this will affect eternal salvation, does not come under my own or others' knowledge.
Another Copeland error is that man is a spirit being and that God has a body. Jesus said that "God is Spirit". Jehovah in the O.T. says that He is not a man that He should lie. The verses used about man is:
"And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul" RV (Gen.2:7) – "a living being" NRSV
God called them "Adam" that means "earthy". God breathing into the dust He had created signified "soul" and relates to the fact that as well as having material substance he also has immaterial. I like Delitzsch in this quotation (and his book on spirit, soul and body is a classic):
"God breathes directly into the nostrils of the one man, in the whole fulness of His personality, the breath of life, that in a manner corresponding to the personality of God he may become a living soul” (Delitzsch).
This was the foundation of the pre-eminence of man, of his likeness to God and his immortality; for by this he was formed into a personal being, whose immaterial part was not merely soul, but a soul breathed entirely by God, since spirit and soul were created together through the inspiration of God. As the spiritual nature of man is described simply by the act of breathing, which is discernible by the senses, so the name which God gives him (Gen.5:2) is founded upon the earthly side of his being: Adam, from אדמה (adamah), earth, the earthly element, like homo from humus …".
Angels alone are spirits (Heb.1:14). Adam and his wife became one flesh. Job said that he knew that although worms destroyed his body that in his flesh he would see God (Job 19:26). Jesus said that a spirit does not have flesh and bones (Lk.24:39). Isaiah said: "All flesh is as grass" (40:6). God promised to pour out His Spirit upon "all flesh" (not spirit beings). "The Word became flesh" (Jn.1:14). Jesus said: "That born of the flesh is flesh" (Jn.6:56). The body is mortal and dies while the soul also mainly dies except that part of it at death shrinks up into the spirit that exists forever and ever. Heb.4:12 speaks of the division of soul and body. Gen.35:18 speaks of Rachel's soul departing as she died. The word means "breath" or "spirit". The spirit lives on after the death of the body. The believer is awaiting the redemption of the body when he shall receive an immortal one, like to the glorious body of Jesus.
As for the dominion teaching that man regains now, in Christ, such as Adam had in the Garden of Eden (Gen.1:26), that also is error. Man is not given dominion and that applies to believers. 1 Pewter 4:11;5:11 shows clearly that Christ is the One with dominion and He alone.
Christian Scientists deny the reality of sickness (relating to the body) and sin. We can see the connection between their belief and those of Kenyon, Hagin and Copeland when they say God made us spirit beings.
In Psalm 22:6 David writes: "I am a worm and not a man". Copeland would tell us that this signifies Jesus became a sinner. Is that blasphemy or heresy?
The Bible says this about Jesus Christ:
"For, a priest like to him, was also suitable for us; one pure, and without evil and without stain; one separated from sins, and exalted higher than heaven" Murdock (Heb.7:26).
That Jesus was a worm is described like this:
"Many will be shocked by him. His appearance will be so disfigured that he won't look like any other man. His looks will be so disfigured that he will hardly look like a human" GW (Isa.52:14).
Let us look at the well known and beloved Psalm 23. David says that Jehovah is his Shepherd. We under the New Covenant look at Jesus our Lord as Shepherd, as in: "Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant" ESV (Heb.13:20).
The marvel that God did in creation in His care of Israel and in His watchfulness over David are to received by us as part of the Word of God for our edification and learning. In Psalm 32:1 David describes the blessedness of having sins forgiven. Paul quotes this exactly in Romans 4:7,8. Atonement for sin was not made through the animals David offered as sacrifices but through the offering of our Lord Jesus Christ. David understood this when he wrote the words of that Psalm. Paul discloses this with these words: "just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works" ESV (Rom.4:6).
Now for Psalm 42. David pants for God. He sees the Triune God of Genesis 1:1, Elohim. He cries: "When shall I come and appear before God?" He is thinking of meeting with God in the worship of his Tabernacle. We however have this blessing and assurance:
"Therefore, my friends, since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain (that is, through his flesh), and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water" NRSV (Heb.10:19-22).
Psalm 68 is illuminating for New Covenant blessings and mercies or grace. It is about the God of Sinai and of the Sanctuary. In v.11 we have these wonderful words. The use of "women" is in nearly every translation and explained as such by the KJV footnote. It reads:
"The LORD gives the command: The women who proclaim the good tidings are a great host". NASB and Paul in Romans 16 mentions by name at least nine women who are preachers of the Gospel.
Still in Psalm 68 we find this in v.18, that was quoted by Paul in Ephesians 4:8-12. He relates it to the humiliation of Christ who descended from Heaven as God, who descended as God to enter "the lower parts of the earth", being the womb of Mary. David himself describes his own conception in this manner: "My substance was not hid from thee when I was made in secret, and curiously formed in the lowest parts of the earth" Webster (Ps.139:15).
Christ ascended to heaven after the resurrection. We do not give gifts to Him but He gives gifts to us. In this instance they are the four ministry gifts of Christ so that the saints are equipped for the work of service, to build up the body of Christ.
It is only in the Old Testament that the people gave gifts. For example this occurred in Exodus 35:20-29 where the children of Israel brought brooches and earrings, signet rings and bracelets of gold. Everybody presented an offering of gold to Jehovah, as well as material, goat's hair and ram's skin. They brought silver and bronze as well as acacia wood, they gave precious stones, spices and oil.
They were under a worldly material worship. Jehovah was amongst them as pillar of cloud and fire. Israel was given the command to bring offerings and many varieties of tithes. The tithes were given to the Levites and priests and were of the land of Israel. The commandments were give for the sons of Israel alone and not for the church of Jesus Christ. It was under the order of Aaron and Levi.
We do not have any such priests today. There is no man here to receive our tithes. We are not in the land of Israel and neither are we Jews. The sons of Levi have commandment in the Law to collect a tenth from the people. We are not under Law but grace. Our high priest is according to the order of Melchizedek. He is our Lord Jesus Christ and He is seated in heaven in an invisible world. How can we give tithes to Him? There is no priest or pastor who can receive our tithes. We do not tithe, according to the New Testament. Instead we follow these verses:
"The person who is taught God's word should share all good things with his teacher.
"Make no mistake about this: You can never make a fool out of God. Whatever you plant is what you'll harvest.
"If you plant in the soil of your corrupt nature, you will harvest destruction. But if you plant in the soil of your spiritual nature, you will harvest everlasting life" GW (Gal 6:6-8).
In matters of giving of our money and substance, we follow the laws of love, the word and are led by the Spirit. Thus we sow to the Spirit.
We should not overlook Psalm 119. It speaks of the wonder of God's Law. David knew the Law of Moses. Some how or other the Spirit of God revealed to him things out of that Law. We under the New Covenant have it all explained to us in the whole of the New Testament. We follow this injunction in Colossians 3:16a: "Let the Word of Christ richly dwell within you".
We should treat the whole book of Psalms in this manner. Now for the last Psalm 150. Here it talks about all the instruments, the dancing and loud symbols. Such musical instruments are not mentioned in the whole of the New Testament. However we are told this:
"Through him then let us offer up a sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of lips which make confession to his name" ASV (Heb.13:15).
We close this section with a remark. The loud music of David's time would not have approached the ear-splitting, deafening and resounding loudness of music through very loud speakers. In fact, people become prematurely deaf through continual subjection to such loud music.
We all owe much to the scholarship of earlier men of God, particularly those of Presbyterian, the Reformed and Puritan backgrounds and indeed to many Anglican theologians and men of God. Their universities and seminaries were not altogether "cemeteries" as many of our Charismatic and Pentecostal preachers have loved to say. The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and Scotch and other Seminaries have been sources of manuscripts (including the British Library in London) as well as profound knowledge and scholarship that has sprouted and flowered over centuries. Bible Schools today of many persuasions, make it obligatory for their students to read C.S. Lewis, whose writings are more New Age than Biblical! That is to be deplored. We ourselves still lack scholars such as those mentioned above, even to this day.
The curriculum of many a Bible School in Australia and New Zealand is devised on the writings of Kenyon and modern authors whose research into the past findings of scholars has been limited or non-existent The so-called revelations of Oeffler, the Latter Rain supporters, Lascelles, and Kenyon with Hagin and Copeland, among others, such as the Vineyard and Toronto teachers, television star preachers, Hinn, Joyce Myers, along with Rick Warren and John Bevere and their prosperity, healing, tithing from the Law doctrines, form much of the base of our church beliefs and activities. Kenyon was not Pentecostal but a Baptist preacher (no crime in that) and indeed studied under the Christian Scientists in their seminary. He it was who wrote the books, "The Two Kinds of Righteousness", "Two Confessions", 'Three Days in Hell (of Christ)", "The New Covenant", "The Authority Of The Believer" and others. I once owned all of his books and studied them. They are erroneous and have not formed any of my present beliefs.
Most do not know that Hagin plagiarized his writings, word for word, saying he had a revelation from the Lord. This I know as fact because I have read his writings also. Then I heard Gloria Copeland say that she and Ken listened for months to "Dad Hagin's" tapes, day in and day out. We cannot receive truth from such a source. We only receive truth from the sources of what the Bible actually says rather than revelations that distort its contents and verses - as the above have done.
Also, in Australia, the base has been the slaying power of Houston, Chandler and Taylor, with the latter's main emphasis on words of knowledge and healings and the promulgation of the prosperity and faith messages, along with healing being in the atonement. Thus if a person is not healed he lacks faith! Hillsong and A.C.C. have been a major factor as well.
Let us not forget the Toronto Blessing that followed on from Vineyard, later being denounced by them. World-wide, many claim blessings. Their personal pursuit of God found grace. Nevertheless the Scriptures they quoted in support of the move on examination, could not stand up as being correctly used. We are to follow the Truth who is Christ and His Word.
There was also the showing of DVDs by John Bevere on "The Bait Of Satan" and his ill-founded teachings about grace, in many churches. He exonerated pastors and blamed the flock. The pastor is to be of good repute and the flock are to follow righteous living pastors who preach truth, only. Pastors are to feed the flock (1 Pet.5:2) and not the flock the pastor. Pastors are not to lord it over the flock (1 Pet.5:3). No member of the body of Christ is higher than the other, although pastors are to be honored.
Perhaps the worst error has been the study of Rick Warren's "Purpose Driven Life" and "Purpose Driven Church". The books are radically in opposition to the true gospel. He even used the Message Bible. It is a free translation by one man who even introduces New Age terms. It is a paraphrase and not a translation. If it is examined in comparison to the King James Bible one is appalled at the misrepresentation of Bible truth that one finds in the Orthodox version. Rick Warren is neither a Fundamentalist, an Evangelical, a Charismatic nor a Pentecostal. His associates include opponents of Christ and His Gospel.
This is not an attack on individuals. The redeemed of the Lord are precious. Rather, it is a factual observation and expose of our Australian churches current beliefs and practices in this much changed and modern age of emphasis on youth, women in power, fashion, music, pleasure and technological gadgets. It possibly is also the case in the U.S.A. and in Britain.
What should be the presentation of the true gospel in the midst all of this fluid change can never shift from the New Testament message, to one suited to this generation. Jesus said that heaven and earth would pass away but not His word. How each church, pastor or believer acts is the responsibility of each one as all must stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ. It is an eternal message suited for all times.
One can only wonder at the deception that has intruded itself into our Australian churches. We are to fight for truth and that is the good fight of faith. Thus we have the idea that the church must align itself with the world's customs, traditions, ways and cultural stance. The early church was not a sub-culture. They were martyred for the reason that they refused to submit to the culture of their time. They were tortured, thrown to the lions and in those early days millions suffered.
The Bible warns us. We are to come apart and be separate. Are platform is not to be modern culture, modern music, new age, deception or a lack of truth. It is time we preachers presented the basic truth of the perfect sacrifice of Christ, body, soul and Spirit on the cross. We cannot join the crowd that says crucify Him. We serve a resurrected Christ who sits on the right hand of God the Father in glory. We are called to be children of that resurrection.
This all has set the whole of Australia, including the Assemblies of God (called now Australian Christian Churches) and Christian Outreach Churches along with independent Charismatic and Pentecostal ones, on a foundation that is partly sinking sand. God's grace has indeed prevailed, because hundreds of thousands have experienced mercy and blessing. To obey is better than to sacrifice even as Samuel told Saul. Discipleship calls for obedience to truth. The New Testament is full of the truth of the gospel of Christ. We should seek truth and pursue it. The condemnation of Christ towards the seven churches in the book of Revelation expresses His attitude towards those who err.
Also, the Lord Jesus says this to believers:
"Then Jesus said to those Jews who had believed him, "If you
continue in my word you are truly my disciples,
"and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free" LEB (Jn. 8:31,32).
"Truth" is so important that it is mentioned about one hundred times in the New Testament. We are to pursue truth. Jesus also said that if any man will do His will, that is the will of God, he shall know the truth of the doctrines taught by Jesus. Obedience and a desire to know what is true will be shown by the Holy Spirit as to what is from God. In this manner we should be able to judge whether our personal revelations is from are own mind or from the Spirit. We are to will to know what is truth. Then eventually we will find it in relation to all aspects of the ultimate truth of the gospel. This calls for the laying aside of all wrong teaching and preconceived notions that in actuality have arisen because of this lack of desire. We are to read the Scriptures in context and not to isolate phrases, sentences or verses from the surrounding portions of the Word. We are to diligently study how to receive and present the truth.
"Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth" ESV
"Do your best to present yourself to God as a tried-and-true
worker who isn't ashamed to teach the word of truth correctly" GW (2 Tim. 2:15).
Let us observe how Jesus is declared to be the Truth. He said He is the Truth. This Jesus is revealed as follows:
"In the beginning was the Word, Logos, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word or Logos" CPDV (Jn.1:1). Jesus, Logos, is revealed in eternity as the Godhead. This is part of the mystery of God, who is One, yet Three Persons, Father, Son and Holy Ghost. This is the plurality that is found in Genesis 1:1, where it is stated that Elohim created the world.
Going back to the first chapter of John:
"And the Word became flesh and took up residence among us, and we saw his glory, glory as of the one and only from the Father, full of grace and truth" LEB (Jn.1:14). There is this translation:
"And the Word was flesh, and dwelt with us, (and we beheld His glory, as the glory of the only born of the Father,) full of grace and truth". SLT
Jesus is the Word, who was begotten of the Father when the Holy Spirit overshadowed Mary and she conceived. He who is called the Son of God (Lk.1:35).
He is full of grace and truth. The Apostle Paul in his prayer to the churches repeatedly says "Grace be to you". Let us receive grace and in fact v.16 says: "From his full measure we have all been given grace on grace". Let us also immerse ourselves in Him and in His Word, He who is full of truth. Then we will be building our faith and doctrine upon the rock Christ Jesus.
In 1 Samuel 13:14 God said David was a man after His own heart (KJV). This means that David was agreeable to do the will of God whereas Saul was not. Now we have an anomaly. The foundation is not entirely scriptural but the fruits abound. Multitudes have found Christ, been blessed, baptized with the Holy Ghost and healed. Churches have been planted and have sprouted all over the place.
The Pentecostals with their doctrine, rightly or wrongly, as well as their knowledge of the baptism with the Holy Ghost and the gifts of the Spirit, might I suggest, slept the sleep of death. In the past the gifts abounded. The Pentecostals grew in numbers worldwide and planted churches everywhere with millions of adherents.
When there arose healing evangelists in U.S.A., such as William Branham, Oral Roberts, T.L. Osborne, Jack Coe, A.A. Allen and Grant, Gordon Lindsay commenced his magazine that featured their ministry. They all garnered much money, great crowds, huge organizations and Bible schools with many publications. This affected millions but by and large the Pentecostal churches remained the same.
Then came the era of Billy Graham. His coming to Australia introduced a faith for conversion that in the main had been missing.
Later on came the Charismatic move. This commenced with the South African DuPlessis being sent by God. Smith Wigglesworth had prophesied over him. DuPlessis went to the leaders in U.S.A. of the World Council of Churches, in the natural, a most uncommon thing to do. Church leaders of all denominations began to get baptized with the Spirit as well as receive gifts of the Holy Ghost.
F.G.B.M.I. swung into action. Katherine Kuhlman began her healing ministry. Roman Catholic priests sat on her platform. The Pope endorsed it and it was a tool for gathering in members to the fold of that Church. The Move spread worldwide and every denomination was affected. Around 1966 DuPlessis addressed Assemblies of God pastors and leaders in Glad Tidings Tabernacle Brisbane. Amongst other things he said that here they were acting like popes.
The Charismatic move was under way in Australia in many states.
Jesus said that if He were lifted up (on the Cross) He would draw all men unto Himself. Obviously the Holy Spirit was moving in a new way that some Pentecostals objected to. It is the will of God to save souls, start churches, have healings, miracles and signs and wonders. It is the will of God that the gifts of the Spirit operate. Many leaders and people would divide certain of these aspects about the will of God from ultimate truth. Despite human thinking, God met them where they were in their doctrine, church practice, cultural background and national features.
They had hearts that were agreeable to the will of God in these matters. The grace of God evidently was reaching out to millions. Where were the Pentecostals, the Fundamentalists and Evangelicals, who followed at least some correct doctrine? There was a need of the Holy Spirit in a resurgence of some of the giftings and graces that were in the ministry of the Apostle Paul. To this day there has never been any like that of Paul's. His epistles were written to churches who did not follow all of his doctrine and practice. Perhaps his fellow laborers, including Phoebe and other women ministries, as well as men in Romans 16 did indeed completely followed him. There would have been preachers and apostles in those days who did not follow him. Timothy is one example. Even the apostle Peter had to be reprimanded by Paul. Paul himself was not perfect. He refused to take Mark along on a preaching tour and split with Apollos. On one occasion he followed a Jewish, legal custom, in relation to the shaving of hair. This was contrary to his book of Galatians.
Men of God in Australia agreed to the will of God with regard to healing, words of knowledge, baptisms with the Spirit, getting people to accept Christ, gathering in people of the nation, starting churches and sending out pastors and evangelists. It was what they knew and understood. The foundation and result were experiential rather than scripturally founded. Falling over, although not in the Scriptures became a major feature. New Zealand preachers were brought in to inculcate their doctrine rightly or wrongly.
This is Australia today, now suffering from heresies and a decline. Churches are going to the wall due to greatly decreased attendance, tithes and income, despite following the prosperity doctrines. What are men and women of God to do? First of all we should grasp, hold and retain all the truths that the apostle Paul taught. This calls for a revolution. It means we discard all errors of doctrine and practice.
We seek for wisdom and truth until we find them. We seek for them with all of our hearts. We humbly bow and submit to the Bible's teachings. We follow the practices that Jesus set out in Acts 1 and that the disciples obeyed in Acts 2. We follow Ephesians 4 and 1 Corinthians 12 to 14 as well as everything else contained in the gospel of the word of truth and grace. For centuries the church has failed to do this. Surely some men and women of God will catch the vision.
Jesus told the parable of building on the rock, Himself and His words of truth, or on sand where the building collapsed. We all should dig for the treasures of the Word of God in the Bible itself and find its glories. Our foundation is to be the teaching of Jesus and the Apostles. The early church preachers presented "Jesus, the Messiah" or "Christ crucified" with the meaning of the atonement and redemption, as the foundation of the gospel, rather than healings and gifts of the Spirit.
Those graces were to accompany and witness to the preaching of the gospel. Jesus in Matthew 28 sent His disciples and us into all the world not primarily to heal the sick or slay people but to preach the gospel. Then He said that certain signs would follow them who believed, the first casting out of devils, speaking in other tongues then healing the sick.
The major doctrines of the gospel that Jesus and the apostles taught, have maintained in a good form throughout the history of the church in certain areas. Even the Roman Catholic Church had Augustine. Many of our preachers themselves allow that Augustine had correct ideas and follow him, as I heard one Assembly of God famous pastor declare. Human, traditional and heathen practices have taken the place of truth.
The Presbyterians, despite Calvinism had much truth, piety and godliness. The Reformers generally kept a fairly pure doctrine, as did the Puritans. Why do we neglect their writings? Many Anglican men of God had more scriptural and godly views than some present-day preachers of our own. We should not despise this past doctrinal stand but rather investigate it and see what is right and where it can be improved upon.
Jesus said that if we will to know if the doctrine be of God or man, He will show us. We must will to dig deeply. Then we have the wrong teachings of Arminius, that has affected the Methodists, Pentecostals and Charismatics. He had much error, having followed on from Pelagius.
Jesus said: "He who has ears to hear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches". We will find what He said if we truly examine and let the Scriptures explain themselves in context, what the Spirit spoke through every writer of the New Testament. There lies the true doctrines. and understanding of the Old Testament that often is wrongly used.
Last of all, we need to acknowledge the grave and distorted errors of Darby that have intruded into and still impregnate the world view and thinking of hundreds of millions of us, now and in the past. Truly we need to "Arise out of the dust of our carnal, worldly and human thinking" and find our base in the true gospel and word.
I discovered the SLT translation (Smith's Literal Translation) and scholars have agreed that literally, it is an excellent one – done by a woman as the expanded translation, The Amplified Bible, used by Charismatics and Pentecostals is also produced by a woman. A scholarly literal translation as the SLT is more to be received and recognized than an expanded translation that is with the meaning and in the words of the author, as are the bracketed words in the Amplified. We do not touch on the controversy in relation to the MS used in the KJV and the one relating to the Amplified that is based on the Roman Catholic one.
You will read about it as follows below.
Dr. Irene Bonney Faulkes
OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS; TRANSLATED LITERALLY FROM THE ORIGINAL TONGUES
HARTFORD, CONN: AMERICAN PUBLISHING COMPANY 1876
Over twenty years ago, when I had four sisters, a friend met with us weekly, to search the Scriptures, we being desirous to learn the exact meaning of every Greek and Hebrew word, from which King James's forty-seven translators had taken their version of the Bible. We saw by the margin that the text had not been given literally, and it was the literal meaning we were seeking. I had studied Latin and Greek at school, and began by translating the Greek New Testament, and then the Septuagint, from which our Saviour quoted one or two texts which are not in the Hebrew Bible, and there is now said to be no Hebrew Bible extant so old as the Septuagint. We all had a strong desire to learn the signification of the proper names, and I wrote to a learned friend about it, and he advised me to study Hebrew, saying, "it was a simple language, and easily learned, there being but one book in the world, of pure Hebrew, which was the Bible." He added that, "then I could see with my own eyes, and not look through the glasses of my neighbors." I soon gave my attention to the Hebrew, and studied it thoroughly, and wrote it out word for word, giving no ideas of my own, but endeavoring to put the same English word for the same Hebrew or Greek word, everywhere, while King James's translators have wholly differed from this rule; but it appeared to us to give a much clearer understanding of the text.
It had never at that time entered my mind that I should ever publish the work, but I was so much interested and entertained to see the connection from Genesis to Revelation, that I continued my labors and wrote out the Bible five times, twice from the Greek, twice from the Hebrew, and once from the Latin—the Vulgate.
These three languages were written over the head of our Saviour. They are now dead languages and cannot be altered. The whole construction is so complete, that it does seem to be the work of inspiration, and the only communication from God to man, for all time. The work is given in types, in figures, in parables, and In dark sayings, a knowledge of which is gained, as all other knowledge is gained, by the desire of the heart to learn it. It may be thought by the public in general, that I have great confidence in myself, in not conferring with the learned in so great a work, but as there is but one book in the Hebrew tongue, and I have defined it word for word, I do not see how anybody can know more about it than I do. It being a dead language no improvements can be made upon it. As for the Latin and Greek, I have no doubt many have searched deeper into the standard works than I have, but I think no one has given more time and attention to the literal meaning of the Bible text in these languages.
It is very possible that the readers of this book may think it strange that I have made such use of the tenses, going according to the Hebrew grammar. It seems that the original Hebrew had no regard to time, and that the Bible speaks for all ages. If I did not follow the tenses as they are, I myself should be the judge, and man must not be trusted with regard to the Word of God. I think the promiscuous use of the tenses shows that there must be something hidden, that we must search out, and not hold to the outward, for the "letter kills, but the Spirit gives life." It took me about seven years to accomplish the five translations, at least, I was engaged in it that length of time, not giving my whole time to it. I should probably have been much longer, had it come into my head that I should ever consent to have it published. There may be some little inaccuracies, like putting the verb to be, for is, in a few instances, but I think never has the sense of the Original Tongue been altered."
Glastonbury, March 23d, 1876 JULIA E. SMITH